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twelfth, in which “good works are the relief of tender consciences, will termed the natural, nay, the neces- produce an effect diametrically consary effects of a true and lively faith.” trary to that which he intends; for But the twelfth article is not surely to the very mode of expression, "artibe considered as an explanation of cles of peace," seems to mean (if it the eleventh; but as treating on another subject, connected with the for- ought not to be understood in their mer as effect with its cause, yet disnatural and obvious, i. e. in their tinct from it.
“ literal and grammatical sense.” If The only consequence, Mr. Edi- I am mistaken in this, let the true tor, which appears to me likely to sense of the phrase be clearly ascerresult from this paragraph of Dr. tained. Besides this, the phrase itLaw's charge, is the depression of self is a dagger plunged into the very the credit due to the article, and a throat of his cause : for, if every subdisruption of those obligations, which scriber is at liberty to understand the subscription to them lays on the clergy. articles in a sense that coincides with The following paragraph places our re- his own private theological sentiments; formers and their articles on still lower and, by necessary consequence, difground; for we are there told, that ferent subscribers will understand in explaining the articles, “recourse" them in different senses, they unais to be had “to the controversies voidably become, not “ articles of that were subsisting at the period peace,” but of strife and contention: when a rule of faith was agreed upon; and this remark is justified by the histhat “ the minds of men were, at tory of the present day. that time, much employed upon some Does it appear to any unprejudiced abstruse and mysterious matters, lit- person, that either Mr. Archdeacon tle tending, perhaps, to edification;" Law, or his encomiasts the Anti-jaand that " mutual concessions were cobin Reviewers, who have styled both demanded and complied with.” his sentiments "manly and correct," Now what is the inference intended do cordially approve our doctrinal to be drawn from these observations, articles, or that they take them in (observations which appear to me “their literal and grammatical sense?” to be wholly destitute of historical If the pillars on which our episcopaevidence), but that the minds of cy is built, were assaulted or sapped the compilers of our articles were after the same manner, in which the warped by controversy; and that the basis of our established creed is unarticles themselves have, of conse- dermined, how loud would the Antiquence, received a tincture of error jacobin Reviewers be in their comfrom the unsettled and jarring opi- plaints of Methodism, Semi-methonions of those who drew them up*. dism, and other high crimes and Yet every clergyman subscribes, wil- misdemeanors! I cannot, Mr. Edilingly and er animno, “that he ac- tor, conceal my conviction, that these knowledgeth all and every the arti- gentlemen are hostile to the doccles, contained, &c. being in num- trines of the articles in their present ber thirty-nine, besides the ratifica- form, as they are enjoined to be tion, to be agreeable to the word of taken; and, I believe, that very few God.”
candid persons will pronounce me . I cannot help observing, that the uncharitable for the suspicion I enremedy which Dr. Law proposes for tertain concerning them. Surely it
would be more "manly and correct" * " Whosoever shall affirm, that any nobly to stand forward and avow, of the nine and thirty articles are in any “I dislike such and such sentiments part superstitious and erroneous, or such contained in the creed of the Church as he may not, with a good conscience, of England, and therefore am consubscribe unto, let him be excommuni
strained to be, in a very essential cated ipso facto, &c." Can. v. But affirmations and insinuations differ from each point, a Dissenter from it." other, as a sword from slow poison,
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
times there suddenly do. If both the baWe have been requested by a correspondent rometer and hygrometer fall, windy weato publish the following queries, with a view ther will probably follow, particularly if to ascertain, whether the lower classes of the barometer falls much below its natural people in this kingdom are properly fur- height. In the morning the hygrometer is nished with Bibles, viz.-1. Can the poor generally higher than at noon, by reason in your neighbourhood generally read of the difference of temperature; but if it 2. To what extent are they furnished stand lower at noon than the difference with the Holy Scriptures? Should it of temperature will account for, it prognose appear that the distribution of the Scrip- ticates fair weather; on the contrary, if at tures has been, as is suspected, ex- noon it be higher than it stood in the tremely partial, little doubt can be en- morning, rain may be expected. tertained that the benevolence of the The same philosopher has laid down the public will contrive some adequate expe- following Prognostics of change in the Baro. dient for remedying so great an evil. Pri- meter. Observe it at seven o'clock in the vate communications with real signatures morning, and afterwards at nine and at may be left with the Publisher of this work. ten. If it remain steady, its next motion
A new edition greatly improved of Mr. will probably be downwards: so also if it GRANVILLE SHARPE's excellent work on fall within that interval of time, the proba. the Greek Article is in the Press, and will bility is that it will sink still lower ; but if speedily be published.
it rise within that interval, the probabili. A new edition of Mr. Astle's work on ties of a greater rise or of a greater fall the Origin of Writing, will soon be pub- are equal. Observe it again at one, and lished, much augmented and improved. again at three ;- if it remain inmoved, it
A Translation of FROISSART's Chroni- is probable that it will rise; but if it have cle, by Mr. JohnES, M. P. for Cardigan- fallen, the probabilities of a farther rise or shire, is printing at that gentleman's seat fall are equal. at Hafod. An English Diatesseron, or a Digest of
FRANCE. the Four Gospels into one regular narra- Astronomers for a long time suspected tive, from the Greek, lately arranged by there was an error in the measurement of Professor WHITE, of Oxford, will soon ap- a Degree of the Meridian, effected in 1736 pear, with historical and explanatory notes, in Lapland, by Maupertuis, Lemonier. by the Rev. Mr. WARNER. A Latin edi. Outhier, and Celsius. M. Swanberg, and tion has been already published; chiefly three other Swedish Astronomers, have compiled from the translation of Castalio. lately measured a degree, and found it to
An Account of Voyages made in the Sou be 57,209 toises, which gires 196 toises thern Ocean has been written by Captain less than by the French measure. This BURNEY, the first volume of which will agrees with other circumstances, and soon appear.
proves that the figure of the earth is not so Mr. GRANT, a lieutenant in the navy, irregular as it was believed to be after the has in the Press the Narrative of a Voyage first measurement. M. Mechain set out of Discovery, which will contain a particu- from Paris, April 26, for Spain, where he lar description of the new pa
ion of the new passage north of will measure a triangle of 93,000 toises, terVan Dieman's Land, and other interesting minating at the Balearic Isles; and which matter.
will complete the great and important The CHANCELLOR's Prizes at Oxford measure of the Meridian, which has been have been adjudged to the Rev. DANIEL for some years carrying into execution by WILSON, B. A. of St. Edmund's-Hall, for Mechain and Delamere. the English Essay on Common Sense; and
RUSSIA. to Mr. PHILIP SHUTTLEWORTH, of New College, for the Latin Verses on Byzan
Dr. Buttaz, known for his Treat se on tiam. An additional prize this year has Phosphorus, has been commissioned by been obtained by Mr. REGINALD HEber, the Emperor to travel through Russia, for of Brasennose College, for a copy of Eng. the purpose of extending the Vaccine Inlish Verses, the subject Palestine.
oculation. The Emperor has presented Mr. KIRWAN bas furnished the follow him with a gratuity of 1200 roubles, and a ing Prognostics of the Weather. When the
considerable surn for travelling expences, barometer falls, and the hygrometer rises, After staying several weeks at Moscow. rain is announced: when the barometer
Dr. Buttaz proceeded to visit the principal rises, and the hygrometer falls, we may
towns in the South of Russia, with the in. expect fair weather, if farther changes do tention of afterwards visiting the other go. not appear in these instruments, as some vernments of the Empire,
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A History of the Wars which arose out
of the French Revolution, from their ComA new Translation of Paschal's Thoughts mencement in 1792, until the Peace of on Religion, and other important Subjects. 1802. To which is prefixed, a Review of To which are added Memoirs of his Life the Causes and early Progress of the French and Writings. With a Portrait. 75. boards. Revolution. By Alexander Stephens, Esq.
A Serinon preached in Lambeth Chapel, Two large volumes, medium 4to. illustrated the 27th of March, 1803, at the Conse- with Maps. £.3. 13s. 6d. cration of the Right Reverend George Pel- A Treatise on Mathematical and Me. ham, Bishop of Bristol. By John Garnett, chanical Inventions for Chimney-sweeping; M. A. Is. 6d.
with a Disquisition on the different Forms - A Dissertation concerning the Writer of of Chimnies, and shewing how to cure the Fourth Gospel, tending to shew that smokey ones. By George Orr, Esq. ls. John the Apostle and John the Evangelist A plain Discourse on the Causes, Symp. were different Persons. By the Reverend toms. Nature, and Cure of the Epidemical James M'Conochie. 8vo. 3$.
Disease, termed Influenza. By John Hera. Practical Discourses. By the Reverend man, M. D. 2s. Richard Warner. 8vo. 7s. boards.
Remarks on the late War in St. Domin. A Vindication of the Protestant Dissen- go, with Observations on the relative Situ. ters from the Charges of the Rev. Thomas ations of Jamaica; and other interesting Robinson, in a Pamphlet entitled, “A Se. Subiects. By Colonel Chalmers. 02 62 rious Call to a constant Attendance on the Considerations on the Laws of Honour, stated Services of the Church of England. occasioned by a late melancholy Event. By a Dissenter. 60.
By a Military Gentleman. Is. Sermons on various Subjects. By John The British Essayist, containing the Grose, A. M. Curate of St. Margaret Pat- Spectator, Tatler, and Guardian, the Ramtens, Lecturer of St. Olave, South wark, bier, Adventurer, World, Connoisseur, and Chaplain to the Right Honourable Idler, Mirror, Lounger, and Observer. Countess Dowager Mexborough. 8vo. 8s. With Prefaces Historical and Biographi.
A Course of Advice to all Church Re- cal. By Alexander Chalmers, A. M. formation-mongers, containing Strictures Forty-five volumes, royal eighteens, with on two recent Publications. 8vo.
Portraits. £.9. boards. The Churchman's Remembrancer; be- A Series of Views, in or near the Park of ing a Collection of scarce and valuable Weston Underwood, accompanied with DeTreatises, in defence of the truly primitive scriptions, and a Sketch of the Life of Doctrines and Discipline of the established Cowper. Deny 8vo. 10s. 6d. royal 8vo. Church, 8vo.
15s. Sto, 16s. The good effects of sincere and constant Asiatic Researches, or Transactions of Prayer, exemplified in the History of the the Society instituted in Bengal for enquirDobson Family. 12mo.
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Beneficence, or Verses addressed to the The Advantages of Female Friendly So- Patrons of the Society for bettering the cieties considered ; a Sermon preached No- Condition of the Poor. By Thomas Alston vember 11, 1802. By thc Rev. John Lowe, Warren, B. D. 2s. 6d. M. A. 8vo.
Scenes of Youth, or Rural Recollections;
with other Poems. By William Holloway MISCELLANIES.
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Travels in the United States of Ainerica public Amusements, and to History, on in 1798, 1799, 1800, 1901, and 1802. By general Policy. Collected by Henry RedJ. Davis. 8vo. 88. boards.
head Yorke, Esq. 2 vols. 8vo. 12s. boards.
ABSTRACT OF THE REPORT OF THE DI ployed in preaching to the Christians in RECTORS OF THE LONDON MISSIONARY
that town, and in instructing the heathens,
and has been instrumental in converting SOCIETY, ON THE 11TH OF MAY, 1803.
many of the latter. At Stellenbosch, the For the last two years the society has been
Missionary Bekkar has opened a school for desirous to introduce true Christianity into the native children, about thirty of whom those countries in which Popery, bas hi
are instructed; he is also employed in intherto prevailed; and as the most effectual
structing the adult Hottentots, several of means seemed to be the circulation of the
whom have embraced Christianity. The Scriptures, they resolved to apply a part Missionary Bastian Tromp, on first going of their funds to this object. The Direc- to Aleggon-maker's Valley, met with inuch tors, therefore, resolved on the publica opposition, and the settlers complained of tion of the New Testament, accompanied hiin to General Dundas: but he being conby an Essay on its Divine Authority, and vinced of the groundlessness of their some smaller pieces in the French and Ita.
charges, gave the mission his support and lian languages; and these are now in cir
protection. Mr. Tromp labours among the culation in France, and will shortly be so
Hottentots, Boschemen, and slaves from in Italy, How great the necessity of pub.
Mozambique. The Missionary Kircherer babing the Scriptures was in those coun
is settled at Zak River, 300 miles from the tries, appears from the difficulty which
Cape; and the Missionary Vanderlingen
Cape. an pras found in procuring a single copy of at Graaf Reinet, where a piece of ground thern at Paris, as well as from copious in- has been given to the society by the Comformation which has been received upon missioner Maynier. The Missionary Anthe subject*. Information has also been derson has been employed for two years obtained, which proves the extent to wbich
in preaching to the heathens at Riet Founa the Scriptures and Protestant writings tain, on the western coast, in the latitude Inay be circulated. At Besancon, in the
of twenty-nine degrees south, near the
of twenty-nine de south, and at Arras, in the north, where,
Great Orange River. These people bea till lately, no Protestants were to be have kindly to Mr. Anderson, and shew a found, applications for Protestant ministers great anxiety to be instructed in the knowand Churches have been made, and signed
ledge of Christianity. Two commissioners Ly 12,000 persons at the former place,
appointed to survey and report the state of and nearly as many at the latter; and al
the colony, had visited this station, and though many Churches have already been
expressed to government their persuasion given to the Protestants, 900 congrega that Missions would prove a most powertions are still destitute both of Churches
ful means of civilizing the natives and and Pastors. Even in Belgium, the same
tranquillizing the colony. The Miss 'ovary disposition appears. An attempt has been Verster is employed at Rodesand and its inade by the society to establish a Protes- vicinity. A Mozambique slave, who was tant Church at Paris, which they hope
converted at that place, has expressed a will be productive of beneficial effects.
desire to be employed as a Missionary. We have already anticipated in our last Being thought to h
Being thought to have strong intellectual number, the intelligence contained in the
powers, he has been redeemed from slavereport before us as far as it respects the
ry and placed under the care of the Mismission to Otahite. The settlement on
con sionary Society at the Cape, that he may that island appears likely to be useful in
be prepared for undertaking a mission to
bed supplying New South Wales with provi. Mozainbique. Dr. Vanderkemp and Mr. sions, and the frequent intercourse with Read continue their labours at ligoa Bay, that colony will probably promote the secu
on the eastern coast, at which place, with
on the eastern coast. rity of the Missionariest Two young the approbation and under the patronage men, natives of Otaheite, are now in this
of Governor Dundas, a settlement of the country. They have been placed for their converted natives had been begun, and education in a Moravian school in York
was likely, notwithstanding the hostility of shire, and have given pleasing proofs of
spine neighbouring tribes, to be permatheir improvement.
nently established. Two hundred natives The Directors next give an account of
constantly attend divine worship, and ineir the missions in AFRICA. At Cape Town, attention is serious. Great pains are also the Missionary Manenberg has been cin, taken in instructing the children. The
* See Christian Observer, Vol. I. p. 744. Mission Society at the Cape of Good Hope
+ An indirect intimation is given in this are stated to be very zealous in pursuing part of the report, that it would be of ad- the objects of their institution. Two more vantage to the cause of humanity and reli- Missionaries are about to depart from Holgion, if Great Britain were to possess itself land for that place. of Otaheite and the contiguous islands. Missions have been attempted in New.
CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 13.
foundland, at Quebec, and at New Carlisle cern for the conversion of the Heathen, in the Bay of Chaleur; but they are as yet which appears among Christians of every in their infancy. To the Island of Ceylon, name. a mission is about to be undertaken by Mr. Ringeltaube. Eight Missionaries are pre- The Clergy Residence Bill has passed paring in this country, some for France the House of Lords with some amendments. and India, and one to the Jews; and in Yesterday the anniversary meeting of the seminary at Rotterdam are several who the charity children of the different parish are training for similar services*.
schools took place, as usual, in the CatheThe Directors conclude with expressing dral of St. Paul, which was fitted up for their persuasion, that the most beneficial their reception. A sermon was preached effects will result from the increasing con- upon the occasion by the Rev. Robert
Gray, D. D. and Rector of Cracke, in the * We think it right to remark in this Bishopric of Durham. The gentlemen of place, that we cannot approve of the lavish the choir sung Te Deum, the Coronation and indiscriminate use of epithets of un- Anthem, and several pieces of sacred muqualified commendation which appears sic, in the chorus of which they were jointhroughout this report, whenever the Socie- ed by the voices of the children, who were ty's Missionaries are spoken of. Such a upwards of seven thousand in number; the practice stands opposed to the moderation appearance of this ceremony was as usual, and simplicity of the Christian character, grand and striking. The Right Honoura. and cannot but be injurious to the individu- ble the Lord Mayor, many of the nobilials who are thus extolled. The society itself ty, and bishops, attended upon this occawould suffer nothing in the public estimation sion, and the body of the cathedral was by a more measured mode of expression. crowded with spectators.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
In our last number we furnished our or Mr. Windham, but of Britain in readers with some general informa- general, whose very existence, as an tion respecting the grounds of the war independent nation, is now threatenin which we are engaged, by pre- ed by the arms of France; and whose senting to them an abstract of his Ma- shores may soon, perhaps, be occujesty's declaration laid before Parlia- pied by an army of well-disciplined ment.
invaders. We do not profess to be politici. At the present moment, indeed, ans; and we, therefore, shall not can- the French Consul is turning his attenvass at large the merits or the faults tion to another quarter. The Hanoof administration in the late diffi- verian territories are overrun, and the cult negotiation. We wish to be enemy, by overawing Hamburgh, is considered as loyal subjects, disposed endeavouring to inflict a wound on to take their country's side, and to our commercial interests. It is bighly obey every call upon them which shall necessary that we should be endued be made by the King and the Parlia- with patience to bear those stagnations ment, without critically enquiring of certain branches of our trade and whether the best possible means of manufacture to which these events averting war may have been uniform- may lead, and to which, in the comly chosen, or whether our ministry, mencement of a war, we are more who unquestionably have a cause particularly subject. It is also of the which is substantially just, have taken last importance, that we should shew care to do that which is no less indis- a disposition to support, with cheerputably expedient. We are at best, fulness, that extraordinary weight of indeed, imperfect judges on this sub- taxation, which the singular times in ject; and we would warn our readers which we live render so evidently of the danger of weakening our efforts necessary. against the common enemy by politi- Thanks be to God, we have a King cal jealousies and animosities, or by whom we love, a Parliament in which any little party predilections. Let them we can confide in this hour ofour danremember, that the cause in which ger, and a Constitution which we have we are engaged is not that of Mr. been long taught to venerate. We Addington or Mr. Pitt, of Mr. Fox have a free press, a press which, in