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interesting and impressive. The devo- place was opened for public worship. tional exercises were conducted by the The Rev. W. A. Courtenay, pastor of Revs. J. Griffin, Dr.Vaughan, Dr. Halley, the church, commenced the services of and J. L. Poore. Hymns were given out the day by prayer. The Rev. B. Johnson, by the Revs. R. M. Davies, S. Dyson, of Halsted, read the Scriptures and offered W. H. Parkinson, and W. Parkes. prayer. The Rev. J. Stratten, of PaddingDinner was provided on the Wednesday ton, delivered a most eloquent and imin the lecture-room, to which a large pressive discourse from Ephesians iii, 16, company of ministers and friends sat and three following verses. The Rev. J. down : James Sidebottom, Esq., presided Kay, of Coggeshall, concluded by prayer. on the occasion. After dinner addresses A large number of friends dined together were delivered by the chairman, and by in the old chapel, after which a clear and the Revs. J. Sutcliffe, J. L. Poore, James interesting statement of financial and Griffin, Dr. Vaughan, Dr. Raffles, Dr. other matters was read by Mr. G. T. Clunie, Richard Fletcher, James Watts, Mayn, the treasurer. Addresses were Esq., James Kershaw, Esq., M.P., and delivered by the Revs. J. Stratten, of by Messrs. S. Rigby and R. Rumney, &c. Paddington; T. W. Davids, of Colchester;

The entire cost of the chapel, including B. Johnson, of Halsted; C. Rigges, of commodious Sunday, day, and infant Tiptree; J. Mark, of Felsted ; J. Kay, of school-rooms, vestries, class-rooms, house Coggeshall; J. Kimes, of Totham; S. for chapel keeper, lighting, heating, ven- Hatch, of London ; and Mr. Chevely, of tilating, fencing, &c. &c., amounts to Colchester. The Rev. W. A. Courtenay £5000. Towards this sum the subscrip- presided. The Rev. J. Kay, of Coggestions obtained—including £500 promised hall, commenced the evening service by by the Lancashire Chapel Building Asso- reading the Scriptures and prayer. The ciation-are £4150 ; leaving a deficiency Rev. J. A. Miller, of Windsor, preached of £850. A zealous and united effort was a highly interesting sermon from Ecclemade in connexion with the opening siastes x. 18. The Rev. C. Rigges, of services, to meet the required amount, Tiptree, concluded the services of the day which has, happily, proved successful. by prayer. The chapel is erected on a The collections on the Wednesday were most beautiful site; it is in the Grecian £385 2s. 3d.; and on the following Lord's style of architecture; it accommodates day, £335 19s. 6d. The further sum of about 450 persons ;—the entire cost of £139 11s. was raised at the tea-party, which, including the burial ground, is making a total of £860 12s. 9d. We £935. The building is universally adcongratulate our friends at Longsight, mired for its neatness and accommodaand their esteemed minister, on the tion. It was erected by Mr. M. Gardner, success of their noble effort. The style of Coggeshall. The architect is J. Fenton, of architecture adopted is that which Esq., of Chelmsford. The circumstances prevailed in this country during the thir- of the day were of a pleasing nature; the teenth century, and is commonly known chapel was crowded to excess; and it is by the term "early English." The hoped and believed that impressions accommodation in sittings is 830, and were made that will not soon be effaced, the chapel is so constructed that side On the following Lord's day three approgalleries can be erected when required, priate sermons were preached by the Rev. which will make the entire accommoda- | W. A. Courtenay, pastor of the church, tion about 1050. The whole has been when collections were made, the amount executed from designs by Messrs. Travis of which, including the opening day, was and Mangnall, architects, Manchester. £70 148. 6d. The friends of the place

having contributed to their utmost, there

still remains a debt of from £250 to £300, KELVEDON, ESSEX.

for which they earnestly appeal to the On Tuesday, November 15th, 1853, Christian public. the new Independent Chapel in this


and rules, that there are few occasions in We beg to call attention to an import. which it would not serve the most valuant circular just issued by the Committee, able purposes. inviting attendance to a soirée at Radley's The meeting is by special invitation ; Hotel, on Wednesday, the 11th of Janu- but we know the Committee will be most ary instant, in order to report progress, happy to see any friends who may wish and more fully to explain the objects and to be present, and who may have been aims of the Committee in the establish- by accident omitted from the invitation, ment of the Club, and also to obtain the if they will apply to the Secretary, Mr. small balance of subscriptions yet re- Bennett, 35, Ludgate-hill. We earnestly maining.

hope that all who can, will attend, so that We need scarcely say how heartily we they may thoroughly understand the wish success to this attempt to combine scope and design of the Club, and help the efforts of the Nonconformists. The it forward to final success. Association is so untrammelled by terms

General Chronicle.

CHINA. TEN ADDITIONAL MISSIONARIES FOR CHINA. to wait the results? Or is she to prove A Letter from the Editor to the Churches. herself worthy of her high vocation, by

DEAR BRETHREN IN CHRIST,— The close furnishing herself with the means and connection in which I have stood to the agencies for a great aggression upon the London Missionary Society during forty powers of darkness, commensurate with years of public life, will be accepted, I the mighty masses of human beings to be trust, as a sufficient apology for presum- acted upon? Can the wealthiest or the ing to address you, at this momentous poorest in our churches forget, that China juncture in the affairs of China. If other contains nearly a third part of the human grounds of justification are sought for by race? Is this a prize too mean to rouse any of my brethren, they will, I doubt the Christian ambition of the Pastors, not, be found in this brief but earnest ap- Deacons, and Members of our churches ? peal. I might, indeed, point them to the Ought not the possibility of entering such recent grave of an only Daughter, whose a glorious field to stir all the zeal and all career of unostentatious usefulness in the devotedness of every village-every China will be remembered for ages to rural--and every city church? eome; or I might refer, with exulting And who is to move with energy and thankfulness, to her surviving Husband, self-sacrifice, in this stupendous understill bearing, with a manly and Christian taking, if the friends and constituents of courage, the burden and heat of the day. the London Missionary Society are to forBut powerful as such ties are to the sake their post ? Ought they not to be Chinese Mission, and closely and tenderly foremost in the field ? Forty-six years as they ally themselves to the deepest devoted to this enterprise-praying for it interests and feelings of humanity, they - labouring for it-looking forward to it are not the considerations which impel me-spending thousands and thousands upon to address this Letter to the churches. it-giving up some of the best men and - A great crisis is impending in the his best women that God ever redeemed, to tory of the Chinese Empire. An anti- carry on the work-are they now, for the idolatrous movement is shaking and con- want of faith, or courage, or zeal, or vulsing it in its length and breadth. Is generosity, to stop short in their career, the Church, then, to sit down at her ease, at that precise moment when “the fields in the spirit of worldly calculation, and are white to the harvest ?"

Both the dead and the living, on whom | impression on behalf of the Chinese Misthe burden of the Lord has fallen, would sion never to be effaced. condemn such a course. They are com- I feel persuaded, from experience, that mitted to this great work, and they dare the Deacons and Members of our churches not look back. They are equipped, more- will be forward to aid such a movement. over, for the service of Christ in China, Let there be no anxiety on the subject of as no other Protestant Mission is. Go what the collection may amount to. If forward they must. Go forward, I be- the Lord opens the hearts of the people, lieve, they will. They need only to be and he will do so, in answer to prayer, a awakened to a sense of duty. May the simultaneous effort, through the United spirit of the living God breathe on Pas- Kingdom, will produce a most cheering tors, Deacons, and Churches, and the result; while the diffusion of a Missionwork will be done, Christ will be honour- ary spirit will have a most blessed reaced, and multitudes of the Chinese will be tion upon the state of the churches. If saved.

I knew that my people could not afford Ten additional Missionaries, indeed, for to contribute five pounds, on the third China will be but as a drop in the ocean. Sabbath of this month, I should regard But if the churches combine, without de myself as an unfaithful steward, if I did lay, by noble sacrifices among the poor not give them an opportunity of doing and the rich to accomplish this, it will | what they could. Home claims will suffer show their gratitude to Christ, their dis- nothing from such an effort; it will enlarge cernment of the claim of duty, their love even narrow hearts, call forth the scanty to souls, their fidelity to the great work but willing resources of the generous poor, they have undertaken ; and God will and infuse an unwonted liberality into the speedily strengthen them to accomplish minds of those whom God has blessed greater things than this.

with abundance of this world's good. It is but for our men of wealth, in their Soon, I trust, by God's blessing upon reflective moments, to feel that “the gold this effort, we shall have to announce that and silver" committed to them " are the ten picked men, “ full of faith and of the Lord's," and their hearts will immedi- Holy Ghost,” are on their way to China. ately open to this magnificent project, There is not a moment to be lost. It will and their property will flow in plenteous require full three years' study of the Chinese streams into the treasury of the Society. language, before these “ messengers of And if they are influenced by faith in the churches " can address themselves Christ, their most generous offerings will with effect to the people of the land. be returned a thousand-fold into their I beseech my brethren, "by the mercies own bosoms.

of God,” to look with a friendly eye on To my beloved brethren in the minis- this appeal, and to make the 22nd of try, let me say, that they have a great January a Jubilee in the churches. Such but pleasing responsibility committed to a hallowed concert of devotion, and of them, at this crisis in Chinese affairs. combined missionary action for the EvanTheir influence, wisely and warmly ex- gelization of the Chinese Empire, will be erted, will not fail to secure, in all the an era in the history of the Christian churches, a public collection, on the 22nd Church, and will have a powerful influ. of the present month. The London Pas- ence upon the prosperity of our home tors have already arranged for this ; and Christianity. Other claims may be if all their brethren in the country will numerous and pressing. We all feel unite with them in so goodly an effort, this. But let them give place, in all our and will all make China the subject of circles, to this paramount and unexamtheir pulpit instructions for the day, it pled object of Christian philanthropy, will prove an era in the history of our

John MORISON. venerable Society, and will produce an Brompton.

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CHINESE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION. The Revolution in China, viewed merely as a national movement with a view to the expulsion of an unpopular and oppressive dynasty, would be among

the most remarkable events of our times, but the main feature that distinguishes it from all similar convulsions, is the fact that the principles avowed by the leaders in the movement, strike at the very root of certain Institutions which for ages have been most esteemed andvenerated by the Chinese.

Among the causes tending to stamp that character of permanence upon the mind and habits of the Chinese which has so attracted the notice of foreigners, none hus perhaps been so influential as the system of Education wbich, from time immemorial, has obtained throughout the empire.

The subjoined extract from the work* of Sir J. F. Davis, descriptive of the Chinese educational routine, affords striking evidence of the manner in which the system has operated, on the one hand, to fix and perpetuate the ideas sanctioned by time and authority, and, on the other hand, to circumscribe the bounds of knowledge, and to repress the spirit of inquiry, by saying, in effect, to each aspiring pupil, on reaching the prescribed limit, “Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further.”

The new ideas current among the leaders of the revolution, must inevitably tend to undermine the scholastic system by which the native mind has so long been fettered; but it is reserved for the Gospel of Christ, when it shall have free course throughout the empire, to emancipate the native youth from their mental bonds, and to give full scope to their highest faculties and noblest aspirations.

“ The birth of a son is of course an occasion which those who are obliged to labour of great rejoicing; the family or surname is through the day avail themselves. first given, and then the . milk name,' which “The sixteen discourses of the emperor is generally some diminutive of endearment. Yoong-ching, called the Sacred Edicts, com. A month after the event, the relations and mence with the domestic duties as the friends between them send the child a silver foundation of the political; and the eleventhi plate, on which are engraved the three words, treats of instructing the younger branches of • long-life, honours, felicity.' The boy is a family. lessoned in behaviour and in ceremonies from “Dr. Morrison, in his Dictionary, has his earliest childhood, and at four or five he given a selection from one hundred rules, or commences reading."

maxims, to be observed at a school, some of " The importance of general education was which are extremely good. Among other known so long since in China, that a work points, the habit of attention is dwelt upon written before the Christian era speaks of the as of primary importance, and boys are ancient system of instruction, which re- warned against “repeating with the mouth quired that every town and village, down to while the heart (or mind) is thinking of only a few families, should have a common something else.' They are taught school. The wealthy Chinese employ private be satisfied with a confused or indistinct teachers, and others send their sons to day- understanding of what they are learning, but schools, which are so well attended that the to ask for explanations; and always to make fecs paid by each boy are extremely small. a personal application to themselves of the In large towns there are night schools, of precepts which they learn. Scholars are

* The Chinese: a General Description of the Empire of China and its Inhalilants, Vol. I., page 288.

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