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The act of the committe of estates of parlia
ment, for renewing the Solemn League and Covenant.
Edinburgh, October 14. 1648.
, being very sensible of the grievous backslidings of this land, in the manifold breaches of the folemn league and covenant,made and fworn to the most high God; do therefore unanimously and heartily approve the seasonable and pious resolution of the commission of the general allembly, for a solemn acknowledgment of public sins and provocations, , especially the breaches of the covenant, and a solemn engagement to a more conscionable performance of the duties therein contained, and for renewing the folemn league and covenant; and do require and ordain, That the directions of the said commission of Assembly, in their act of the sixth of this month, for a public; acknowledgment of sins, and engagement to duties, be carefully followed that the fast and humiliation, appointed by them, be religiously observed; and that the folemn league and covenant be sincerely and cordially renewed and subscribed, in the manner they have prescribed in their said act, Extractuni,
Mr. THO. HENDER so
Solemn ACKNOWLEDGMENT of public fins,
and breaches of the COVENANT;
Solemn ENGAGMENT to all the 'DUTIES
contained therein, namely those which do in a more special way relate unto the dangers of these times.
E noblemen, barons, gentlemen, burgesses, mi
nisters of the gospel, and commons of all fores within this kingdom, by the good hand of God
upon us, taking into serious confideration the • inany fad afflictions and deep distresses wherewith we have been exercised for a long time-past; and that the land, after it hath been fore wasted with the sword and the pestilence, and threatned with'famine; and that shame and contempt hath been poured out from the Lord against many thousands of our nation, who did in a sinful way make war upon the kingdom of England, contrary to the testimony of his fervants, and defires of his people, and that the remnants of that army, returning to this land, have spoiled and oppressed many of our brethren; and that the malignant party is still numerous, and retaining their former principles, wait for an opportunity to raise a new and dangerous war, not only unto the rending of the bowels of this kingdom, but unto
the dividing us from England, and overturning of the work of God in all the three kingdoms; And considering also, that a cloud of calamities doth still hang over our heads, and threaten us with fad things to come, we cannot but look upon these things as from the Lord, who is righteous in all his ways, feeding us with the bread of tears, and making us to drink the waters of afflictions, until we be taught tą
know how evil and bitter a thing it is to depart away from him, by breaking the oath and covenant whieh we have made with him; and that we may be humbled before him, by confelling our sins, and forsaking the evil of our ways.
Therefore being pressed with fo great necessities and straits, and warranted by the word of God, and having the example of God's people of old, who in the time of their troubles, and when they were to seek delivery and a right way for themfelves, that the Lord might be with them to prosper them, did humble themselves before him, and make a free and
particular confession of the fins of their princes, their rulers, their captains, their priests and their people; and did engage themselves to do no more fo,but to reform their ways, and be Itedfast in his covenant : Andremembring the practice of our predecessors in the year 1596, wherein the general assembly, and all the kirk-judicatories, with the concurrence of
many of the nobility, gentry and burgesses, did with many tears, acknowledge before God the breach of the national covenant, and engaged themfelves to a reformation ; even as our predeceffors and theirs had before done, in the general allembly and convertion of estates, in the year 1 567 : And perceiving that this duty, when gone about out of conscience and in sin. cerity, hath always been attented with a reviving out of troubles, and with a blesfing and fuccess from heaven; We do humbly and sincerely, as in his fight, who is the searcher of hearts, acknowledge the many fins and great transgressions of the land; We have done wickedly, our kings, our princes, our nobles, our judges, our officers, our teachers, and our people. Arbeit the Lord hath long and clearly spoken anto us, we have not hearkned to his voice; albeit he hath followed us with tender mercies, we have not been allured to wait upon him, and walk in his way; and tho he hath îtricken us, yet we have not grieved ; Nay, tho' he hath consumed us, we have refused to receive correction, we have not remembred to render unto the Lord according to his goodness, and according to our own vows and promises,but have gone away backward by a continued course of backdiding,and have broken all the articles of that folemn league and covenant, which we fwore before God, angels and men.
Albeit' there be in the land many of all ranks, who be for a testimony unto the truth, and for a name of joy and
praise unto the Lord: by living godly, studying to keep their garments pure, and being stedfast in the covenant and cause of God; yet we have reason to acknowledge, that most of us have not endeavoured, with that reality, sincerity and constancy that did become us, to preserve the work of reformation in the Kirk of Scotland.. Many have satisfied themselves with the purity of the ordinances,neglccting the power thereof; yea, fome have turned aside to crooked ways, destructive to both. The profane, loose and insolent cariage of many in our armies who went to the assistance of our brethren in England, and the tamperings and unstraight dealing of some of our commissioners, and others of our nation, in London, the isle of Weight, and other places of that kingdom, have proved great lets to the work of reformation, and fettling of Kirk government there, whereby Eerror and Ichism in that land, have been increased, and sectaries hardenied in their way: we have been fo far from endeavouring the extirpation of profaneness,and what is contrary to the power of Godliness, that profanity hath been much winked at,and profane persons much countenancedand many times employed, until iniquity and ungodliness have gone over the face of the Jatid as a flood; nay, fufficient care hath not been had to seperate betwixt the precious and the vile, by debaring from the facra. ment all ignorant and scandelous persons, according to the ordinances of this kirk,
Neither have the privileges of the parliametit, aħid liberties of the subjects been duly tendered; but some amongst ourfelves have laboured to put into the hands of our King an ar bitrary and unlimited power, destructive to both and many of us have been accessory of late to those means and ways whereby the Freedom and priveleges of parlaments have been incroached upon, and the fubjects oppressed in their consciences, persons and estates; neither hath it been our care to avoid these things which might harden the king in his evil way; but upon the contrary he hath not only been permitted but many of us have been instrumental, to make him exercise his power, in many things tending to the prejudice of religion and of the coveriant, and of the peace and fafety of these kingdoms which is so far from the right way of preferving his Majesty's person and authority, that it cannot but provoke the Lord against him, unto the hazard of both :
nay, under a pretence of relieving and doing for the king whilft he refuses to do what was necessary for the house of God, fome have ranversed and violated most of all the articles of the covenant.
Our own consciences within, and God's judgment upon us without, to convince us of the manifold wilful renewed breaches of the article, which concerneth the discovery and punishment of malignants, whose crimes have not only been connivedat,but dispensed with and pardoned, and themselves received into intimate fellowship with ourselves, and intrufted with our councils, admitted unto our parliaments, and put in places of power & authority, for managing the public affairs of the kingdom; whereby,in God's justice,they got at last into tileir hands the whole power and strength of the kingdom, both in judicatories and armies ; and did
employ the same unto the enacting and prosecuting an unlawful engagment in war against the kingdom of England, notwithstanding of the diffent of many confiderable members of parliament, who had given constant proof of their integrity in the cause from the beginning; of many faithful testimonies, and free warnings of the servants of God; of the fupplications of many fynods, presbyteries and shires and of the declarations of the general assembly and their commiffioners to the contrary: which engagment, as it hath been the cause, of much sin, fo alfo of much misery and calamity unto this land ; and holds forth to us the grievousness of our sin, of complying with Malignants, in the greatness of our judgment, that we may be taught never to split again upon the same rock, upon which the Lord hath set fo remarkable a beacon. And after all that is come to pass unto us, because of this our trespass; and after that grace hath been shewed unto us from the Lord, our God, by breaking these mens yoke from of our necks, and putting us again into a capacity to act for the good of Religion, our own safety, and the peace aud safety of this kingdom, should we again break his commandment and covenant, by joining once more with the people of these abominations, and taking into our bofom those serpents, which. had formerly stung us almost unto death; this, as it would argue great madness and folly upon our part, fo no doubt, if it be not avoided, will provoke the Lord against us, to confume us, untill there be no remnant nor escaping in the land