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Wycliffe Chapel, Warrington. The morning of Independency; the Rev. T. Adkins, of service was commenced by the Rev. J. Southampton, proposed the ordination quesSutcliffe, F.S.A., of Manchester, who read tions; the Rev. Mr. Laxon, of Guernsey, suitable portions of Scripture, and offered offered up the ordination prayer, accompanied prayer. The Rev. Samuel Davidson, D.D., with the imposition of hands; the Rev. W. LL.D., of Lancashire College, expounded the Legg, B.A., of Reading, delivered the charge principles of Congregationalism in an intro- to the minister; and the Rev. T. Adkins ductory discourse. The Rev. James Griffin, preached to the church and congregation. of Manchester, proposed a series of questions The following local ministers were present, to the elected pastor, who replied thereto, some of whom took part in the devotional giving his confession of faith. After the con services:—the Rev. Messrs. De Faye, Bost, firmation by the church of their choice of the Biaudet, Petit, Masseroy, Independents; Earnpastor, and by him of his acceptance of their shaw and Thorley, Wesleyans; Clarke, Free call, the Rev. Thomas Raffles, D.D., LL.D., Church of Scotland; Holroyd, Primitive Meof Liverpool, offered the ordination prayer, thodist; and Luke, Bible Christian. The accompanied with the imposition of hands. services of the day were highly interesting, The charge to the minister was then delivered gave universal satisfaction, and were conby the Rev. John Kelly, of Liverpool. In ducted in the spirit of Christian love and cothe evening, the services were concluded by operation. On the following Lord's-day the Rev. Robert Vaughan, D.D., President of three sermons were preached, those in the Lancashire Independent College, who preached morning and evening by the Rev. T. Adkins, to the people. The Revs. John Dewsnap, of and that in the afternoon by the Rev. W. Liverpool; John Edmonds, of St. Helens; and Legg. This English Independent cause was T. Davies, of Newton, also took part in the commenced about two years ago in the Temservices.
perance Hall; and in January of the present year was removed to the above chapel, which
the friends purchased from the Unitarians, The ordination of the Rev. H. J. Chan- The expenses connected with the purchase cellor to the pastoral office in connexion with and repairs of the chapel, with the exception the English Independent Chapel, Upper Dove of a few pounds, have been defrayed, partly Street, took place on Thursday, July 1st. by generous contributions from the friends in The Rev. Mr. Barfitt, of Plymouth, delivered the island, and partly by the kind assistance the introductory discourse, on the principles of their friends in England.
PERSECUTION AT FLORENCE.
Nervini was the president of the Court; CocWe have pleasure in giving publicity to chi, the interrogating judge; and Biechierai, the following intelligence, and sincerely hope the public prosecutor. The trial began on that the labours of the Protestant Alliance the 4th June, and lasted four days. Rosa on behalf of persecuted Christians on the (Madame Madiai) was pale, and trembled continent of Europe will help to look such with emotion on entering; Francesco (her iniquities out of countenance.
husband) appeared happy to see his wife
again, and pressed her hand. All were sur(Extract from a Letter, dated Florence, prised and moved with their tranquillity and June 9, 1852.)
firmness. Casacci was the picture of an un“ Yesterday, at three o'clock, with closed happy man, and with all my heart I pity doors, sentence was pronounced against the him. At the commencement of the trial, dear Madiais. Fifty-six months of the galleys Francesco was asked if he was born in the and hard labour for Francesco, and forty- bosoni of the Holy Mother, the Roman Ca. four months at the ergastolo (the female gal. tholic Church. Yes,' he answered ; but leys), also with hard labour, for his wife ! now I am a Christian according to the gosBesides this, all the expenses of the trial, and pel.' Who has made you such, and does three years of surveillance from the police, after there exist an act of abjuration amongst those the completion of their punishment. Pas- to whom you are united?' ‘My convictions quale Casacci, who denied everything, was have existed for many years, but have acacquitted of the criminal charge, but was de- quired strength from the study of the word tained to answer two actions against him by of God. It has been a matter between God the police, according to the law of April, and my own soul; but which was outwardly
manifested when I took the communion in “ That history may render justice to the the Swiss Church.' Rosa replied to her inchief actors in this trial, I will tell you that terrogator, that she had not changed her
religion lightly, nor to please men, as, in that Peter, and opened the doors of his prison, case she would have done it when in England will never forget us. Keep in good spirits; (where she lived sixteen or nineteen years); let us
me see you but after having read the word of God, and cheerful; as I trust, by the same grace, you contrasted with it the Romish doctrines, she will see me cheerful. I embrace you with was, convinced, and having abandoned that my whole heart. church, had made a public confession of faith,
“ Your affectionate wife, by partaking of the Lord's Supper, at a time (Signed))
“ Rosa MADIAI." when the laws gave and protected religious liberty to the citizens. The audience were
June 22, 1852. struck with the simplicity and sincerity of At a Meeting of the Managing Committee, the Madiais. Then, on ihe two following held this day, it was resolved, days, the witnesses were examined, and the I. “ That this Committee, having been defence was heard (made by the advocate made acquainted with the trial of FranMaggiorani, with much warmth and feeling); cesco and Rosina Madiai, at Florence, and finally the summing up of the public
and with the sentence respectively proprosecutor. The fourth day the Court re- nounced upon them, of fifty-six months mained long in consultation; the votes were at the galleys, with hard labour, and divided, and one vote decided the question, forty-four months at the ergastolo, or two being in favour of acquittal, three of con- female galleys, with bard labour, with demnation. The Madiais listened to the three additional years of surveillance by sentence with the greatest firmness and dig- the police, and all the costs of the trial, nity. The voice of the presiding judge, who for the imputed crime of possessing the read it, trembled; the public were indignant Bible, and leaving the communion of at the sentence and the judges; but displayed
the Romish Church, hereby express sympathy for the Madiais, and contempt for
their grief and detestation at the iniquity poor Casacci. The Madiais have the right of the charge, and the inhumanity of of appeal to the Court of Cassation, and have the sentence, and their deep sense of the been advised by their advocate to make use wrong thereby inflicted upon these really of it. Perhaps a superior tribunal, having blameless persons; in whose punishment more liberty of action, may acquit them. for such a cause not only are justice and Signor Landucci, Minister of the Interior, humanity violated, but the natural rights advised that a commutation of the sentence and liberties of mankind are trampled into exile should be immediately applied under foot, and Christianity itself is for."
outraged, while its sacred name is prosLetter from Madame Madiai to her husband. tituted to this iniquitous and cruel perse
The following letter was written from pri- cution. son, on the 7th June, 1852, after the judge II. “ That this Committee have contemhad passed sentence:
plated with unspeakable satisfaction and “ MY DEAR MADIAI,– You know that I devout gratitude to God the constant have always loved you; but how much more faith and calm dignity of these perseought I to love you, now that we have been cuted fellow-Christians under their severe together in the battle of the Great King- trials, and the 'good confession' they that we have been beaten but not vanquished! maintained before the Court of JudicaI hope that through the merits of Jesus ture at whose bar they were arraigned; Christ, God our Father will have accepted our - not doubting that they were strengthtestimony, and will give us grace to drink, ened and upheld by the promised grace to the last drop, the portion of that bitter of the Holy Spirit; and they assure them cup which is prepared for us, with returning in this public manner of their most of thanks. My good Madiai, life is only & cordial sympathy and fervent prayers, day, and a day of grief! Yesterday we were while enduring their sufferings for rightyoung, to-day we are old ! Nevertheless, we eousness' sake, and for the word of God. can say, with old Simeon, 'Lord, now lettest III.“ That the above Resolutions, with thou thy servant depart in peace, for mine the Case on which they are founded, be eyes have seen thy salvation,
transmitted without delay to the vari“ Courage, my dear; since we know by the ous Alliances and Committees in correHoly Spirit that this Christ, loaded with op- spondence with this Committee, in order probrium, trodden down and calumniated, is that the matter may be made known to our Saviour; and we, by His holy light and the Protestants of the United Kingdom, power, are called to defend the Holy Cross, in the hope that prayer may be generally and Christ who died for us, receiving his re- offered up for these persecuted members proaches, that we may afterwards participate of Christ's Church." in His glory. Do not fear, if the punishment
JOHN MACGREGOR, Hon. Sec. be hard. God, who made the chains fall from
CHARLES GIBERNE, Secretary.
SHANGHAL. In a country where the prevailing systems of belief, and the social usages of the entire population, have been stereotyped for ages, the attempt to introduce ideas at variance with every preconceived notion inust necessarily be a work of great difficulty. Hence, it can be no matter of surprise that the indefatigable labours of our Missionaries in China, though followed by many tokens of encouragement, have hitherto made little or no impression upon the masses of the people.
. We have, from time to time, reported the state and progress of the good work at Shanghae, and in the subjoined extract of a Letter from the Rev. Joseph Edkins, written on behalf of the Missionary Brethren at that Station, under date 12th of April ult., we present some further details, which will, we trust, prove acceptable and interesting to our readers.
the Mission, when foreign preaching was new,
THE MANDARIN DIALECT THE CHIEF ME
DIUM FOR THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY
“ Our new chapel is open daily for preaching, whenever the weather is sufficiently fine to render the gathering of a congregation probable. There are many strangers from distant parts of China attracted to this city by its great and augmenting trade, who eagerly seize the opportunity of hearing the preaching of foreigners. These usually forın a part of our audiences. On entering into conversation with them in the Mandarin, thcir ideas and modes of reasoning are founil to be all identical. The books they read, and their domestic customs being the same, there is seldom much appearance of individual originality, and they receive the doctrines of Christianity all in the same unmoved temper of mind. To these strangers Dr. Medhurst's preaching in the Mandarin dialect is especially adapted. Happily there is this medium of communication, which makes the impart. ation of our ideas practicable to the inhabitants of the most distant provinces of the empire. If these travelling merchants could be brought to take back with them the belief of the truth as well as the books which we furnish to them, our religious views would spread quickly over this idolatrous land.”
PREACHING IN THE TEA GARDENS. " The old chapel, which is not so well attended now as it was in the earlier years of
A CHINESE LECTURER.
" We hear that the clief magistrate of Shanghae, a young and talented graduate, who has recently received his appointinent, has begun to address the people publicly on the five constant virtues, and the family and national duties of men. He must have taken the idea from the preaching of foreigners, and we wish him all success in his undertaking." POPULAR NOTIONS REGARDING THE EFFICACY OF THE WORSUIP OF ANCESTORS.
In close connexion with our preaching: and scarcely less important, is conversation. After cxlorting the listeners very earnestly to believe in Jesus, some one will come forward and say, What benefit would there be in believing in Jesus?' On one occasiou,
the question was answered by another, priest in charge, as he was presiding over his "What benefit would you wish for?' Answer. drugs one cold morning in January, [see En-Food and clothing, and so on!' Mission- graving, page 169,] observing a Missionary ary.-- That is only the happiness of animals. enter with books in his hand, thought that he Do not you, a man, wish for more?' A. was come with designs hostile to his trade,
There is no other happiness particularly that and said, in rather a loud tone, —You come I care for.' M. What! do you not care for exhorting us to this and that; now let me exthe forgiveness of sins, and a happy future hort you a little. This religion of Jesus that life?' A. Oh, you speak of the forgiveness you talk about, does not meet the people's of sins!' and then, changing the subject, he requirements. What they pray and burn continued, “I wish to ask, why you say that incense for is, that they may get rich or be the Shin taous, the beings we worship, are cured of some sickness. Now, if they benothing at all? They are kweis, the disem lieved in your religion, they could not have bodied part of deceased men.' M. 'Yes, so advantages of this kind; while here is the they are; but why should you worship them?' idol-spirit ready to tell the devotees by taking A. Because they are canonized by Imperial what medicine they may recover their health. coinmand.' M. ' The Emperor's authority Thus our religion confers benefits which is merely limited to the present world; he yours does not.' M. What! can this idol cannot control the affairs of heaven, or say cure diseases?' P. 'Yes. Do you not see the whom you should worship. What is this inscriptions about the walls and roof? These kwei you speak of?' A. It is the ling hwun, are all proofs of his wonderful skill in healthe soul, and in worshipping these beings in ing. Who would ever have been at the exthe temples, by bowing to their images, we pense of having them prepared and set up do as Confucius said, -Reverence the spirits as here, unless they had been healed by the if they were present. How, then, can you power of the spirit?' M. (Addressing a deforeigners say, that we worship the senseless votee who had just performed his prostraimages?' M. · Because the spirit is not
tions.) “This image is a mere piece of wood, there. It does not see you bow, or hear you
destitute of all the senses: why apply to it to pray. It is gone either to heaven or to hell. cyre disease, -that is the physician's duty?' Is there any reason in such worship?' A. Devotee. I do not know what is the disease 'It is the same with that Jesus you speak that afflicts me. What would be the use of of. We have no more proof of his being pre- applying to a physician?—the Pousa (Buddsent than of the Shin taous.' M. · He is list term for a god,) here will hear me. I everywhere, the Omnipresent God. He sees
have come far this morning on purpose.' you and me now. If you despise him, he M.' And every step you took was a wrong will bring you into judgment for it.' A. 'Oh, Will you not go to the Foreign Free there is nothing of that kind to fear.' M. “You Hospital at San Maou?' D. ' It is not the think htly of it; but be assured that this right time of day.' M. “Your money is same Jesus will sit in judgment over you.'' thrown away, and all this burning incense,
THE TAOUIST PRIEST AND HIS DRUGS. and asking information and aid from the idol,
“ There is a temple of the Taou sect near is sin against God. It is not only stealing the west gate of Shanghac, upon the wall, and murder that are sinful; the worship of where an apothecary's shop is kept, well sup- idols is so too.' Here the Taouist priest again plied with the common Chinese medicines. interposed with the remark, 'You believe in These are dispensed, not from any known Jesus, and we in our Shins; different counsuitableness to the patient's disease, but from tries have different religions. We Chinese the supposed directions of the idol Æscula believe in Kwang Kung, and other deceased pius, discovered by drawing lots. Many a heroes and meritorious citizens.' M. Well, simple villager deludes himself with the be but they have been dead long since, and this lief that the powerful unseen spirit, whose Kwang Kung was a fierce soldier, the very shrine he is approaching with incense and opposite of merciful. Why should you worofferings, will cure him of his ailments far ship him?' P.‘Jesus is dead too. What good better than a fallible mortal physician. The do you obtain by trusting in him?' M. “We