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they are mere copies of those in the mentioned, would have been a source of Iliad, less diffuse, but also with infinitely jonumerable beauties; and the last less energy and spirit
. The Æneid, it is books of the Æneid would bare equalled true, must be considered with the indul- the former in dignity and pathos. But xence due to an 'unfinisbed poem. It is it is not to be supposed that they are atsaid that Virgil could not be induced to. solutely destitute of merit. In each, the recite to Augustus niore than the first, characieristic beauties of Virgil may be second, tourih, and sixtli books; and traced. It is, indeed, wonderful how these are certainly the inost beautiful. much the force of his art has drawn from He had exhausted all that the imagina. so sterile a subject. In every page we tion could invent in the descent of see him struggling against ditticulties, seÆneas into the internal regions, and all lecting with caution, and distributing with that the heart could suggest in the cha- judgincnt, wbat Hoiner lias scattered in racter of Dido. Terror and compassion such lawless profusion, could not be so forcibly excited, after Another reason may account for the the description of the ruin of Troy. defective arrangement of the Æneid, From the elevated point which the poet which renders it, as a poem, so much inin his tlight had reached, he could not, ferior to the Iliad. The war of Troy wns perhaps, descend, without discovering a so great an event in the annals of the material depression in the dignity and world, that the heroes who were engaged interest of his poem.
in it still lived in the recollection of malThe most striking defect observable in kind. Their names were consecrated by the conduct of the latter part of the fame, were familiar to the imagination, Æneid is, that the reader is tempted to and the perpetual-theme of admiration take part with Turnus against Æneas. and applause. Nothing can be more faTurnus, a brave and gallant prince, is vourable to a poet than to be in possesattached to Lavinia, who betrays no re- sion of a subject where the actors inspire pugnançe to his wishes. He is favoured an interest independent of that which he by her mother, and the Latins and the himself creates. Thus the first six booke Rutuli equally desire an union, which is are filled with names already immortalto confirm the public tranquillity, Amid ized by Homer; but in the seventh and these favourable auspices, a stranger, a remaining cantos, we are introduced into fugitive from Troy, arrives, to destroy the a new world, and presented with per fiattering prospects. He send an em- sonages absolutely unknown, and with bassy to demand an asylun from the old whom, from the nnture of the plan, the king of Latiuin, who, without any appa- reader could not be made previously scrent niotive, immediately offers him his quainted. We therefore soon discover daughter in marriage iscące follows * how little susceptible of interest are the cruel and destructive war, in which names of Messapus, Ulens, Tarchun, nord Turnus, while bravely fighting for his Mezentius, compared with Ajax, llecmistress and his throne, is slain by tor, Ulysses, and Diomed. Homer, ir Æneas, and the mother of Lavinia, in selecting the siege of Troy as a subject, despair, puts an end to her life. bad chosen what was considered the Such a plan was not calculated to make greatest cvent then known; while Virus think favourably of the hero. This gil, who intended to celebrate the origin defect might have been easily remedied of Rome, was compelled to explore the by making Æncas deliver Lavinia from antiquitics of Italy, as obscure and imthe persecution of an enemy equally perfect as those of Greece were familiar odious to her and her country, instead of and illustrious. The heroes of llorer drawing Turnus as a young and amiable have becu ndmired by every nation and lover, who has so many claims upon her representert opon every stage. We are tenderness. Æneas appears in the un- accustomer to behold them in the pleasing liglit of a foreign usurper, who same scenes with the gods themselves, deprives Lavinia of a prince to wlivin and they appear not unworthy of such she is attached, and as the spoiler of the companious. The wars of the Iliad pre country of which lie ought to have been sent the grandest spectacle; Europe and the defender. It is singular that Virgil Asia seem engaged in the mighty contest did not cousider how much his poem while those of the Eneid are the petry would have been improved by lessening struggles of petty tribes. Such a entthe attraction of the other characters, trast could not but be unfavourable to and bestowing the chief interest upon his Virgil. He bas- endeavoured to throw luro. A disposition such as we have some interest upon Pallas,
Erander, Lausus, the son of Mezentius, gil to the general excellence of Homer; urid upon Camilla, the Queen of the and with his acknowledged deficiency in Volsci; but this fecble interest, excited the conduct of his poem, and the profor a moment, and appearing only in gressive interest of his fable, a degree of episodes, cannot compensate for the inferiority has been arbitrarily assigned want of that general interest which to the former, without a due regard to aliould animate and extend over all the the many passages in which be lias surmachinery of an epic.
passed the other. It is unreasonable to If, after this, it be asked, upon what complain that nature bas not bestowed is fouaded the reputation of Virgil? it is all on one man. We should rather adFanswered, that, with all these defects, inire her in the wonderful variety of her he still deserves the title of prince of the gifts, in that inexbaustible fécundity Latin poets; and second in rank among which seems to promise for every age those who have distinguished themselves fresh inspiration to genius, new inciteun the epopæn. He possesses beauties ments to glory, and a never-failing source which have justly excited the admiration of enjoyment to man. of every age, and which, with many, to this day, hold the balance in equilibrium For the Monthly Magazine. between his fame and that of Homer. If
le luns not equalled his great precursor. Account of a RECENT VOYAGE to the Sin iuvention, in richness, and in the ge
NORTH CAPE, accompanied by a VIEW"; laural effect of his poem, he has sur
by A. F. SKJÖLDEDRAND, a SWEDISH parsed bius in rany of his detached pas
GENTLEMAN. the uniformly displays. Next to subli is situated on the shore of a bay mity, renderness is, perhaps, a principal called Kaafiord, which forms part of the merit in the epic, and this is a merit Altenfiord, or Golph of Alten, in 69 deg. which Virgil possesses in a very high de 50 min. north latitude. The life of the tee. He appears to have felt every af- inhabitants of this place appears rather
xeting scene which he describes, and, singular to the natives of more genial with a masterly touch, can reach the climates. In suinmer, and especially bent by a single stroke. His style is when the sun is perpetually above the rapported in an uniform tone of majesty horizon, they rise at ten in the inorning, nd sweetness, and is maintained with a dime at five or six in the evening, sup at pnmstency and perfection wbicli cavnot one, and go to bed at three or foar
found in any other poet. The se o'clock in the morning. In winter, and nd, the fourth, and the sixth buoks, are during the long mieht, which lasts from herbally considered as the most binish the beginning of December to the end of pieces ever produced by the epopæa. January, they remain in a kind of apathy nohameter of Dido, upon which, un- corresponding with the season. More the bend of Characters, we sballen- than half of the twenty-four hours is dein the next number, is entirely Vir- voted to sleep; when they awake, they
Neidier Homer, nor any other poet do nothing but warm themselves, alinost teece, presented the model of so ex all business being entirely at a stand en portrait. The episodes of Nisus The house of the only ineichant in the
ar klus, of Cacus, of the frueral place, at wlich we lodged, stand on the Dhad, and of the shield of Æneas, sommit of a very high hill, which slopes many chef-d'anvres of the art, away to the sea, A Danish slip lay at
ply justify the celebrity of Vit- alichorio the port, waiting for a cargo of or is he akvays deficient in vigour dried and salt fish, of which a erosiderdete che inaces of horror, pre- able quantity is exported from Alren.
city burned and sacked in Near the shore were store-houses filled are strongly delineared, and with that commodity, and large heaps
of Ancas abounds with nre likewise piled up in the open air. the highest kind. In these promontory, coupused of a white and dy bear # comparison with reddista tock, welches into the sea and
crer unequal lie is admitted incloses the interior of the basin. On other parts of his prem. In the the opposite side the gulph is bordered elaborate comparisons which have by a range of lofty inonntrins, while drawn between these two great summits; speckled with snow, rise to the MRC COL care has not been taken very clouds. poculiar Leauties of Vir The air of Alten is pure, and very sa4 A2
inost common trees.
lubrious. The soil is sandy, but tolera- changed every moment, owing to the bly fertile. In the kitchen-garden may tortuous defiles through which it passed, be seen potatoes and brown cole, besides so that there was no rest for those who which, the inhabitants sow nothing but guided the helm and managed the sail. rye. The pine and the birch are the The tide rises considerably for six hours,
and falls in like mai ner, which produces That part of the ocean
which washes a strong motion in the water, especially these stores, never freezes except in if the wind be contrary to the current; the interior of the gulphs, where its in the straits we often had cataracts, waters, otherwise extremely salt, are as it were, to ascend, or descend. Ne tempered by the fresh current of some vertheless, the skill of the boatmen soon river or streain that discharges itself into relieved us so far from all appreheusions, them. From the inforination I collected that we could resign ourselves to the on the spot, it appears, that the floating contemplation of the gigantic scenes, masses which are detached from the ever- which, like dreams, passed in successiou lasting ice of the Pole are not to be seen before us. till you have proceedled seventeen miles The wind having subsided, and our boat(one hundred and nineteen English) be- men being fatigued, we went on shore yond the North Cape, and then
only with at the mouth of a little river, which falls a telescope.
likea cascade into the seas. Having restWe soon made inquiries concerning.ed themselves, we again set sail about the means of prosecuting our route to the midnight. The mountains to the westNorth Cape, and were iuformed that the ward intercepted the view of the suii, sefest way was to take a small boat, as, in whose rays illumined those on the oppocase of tempestuous weather, we might site side. There was but very little wind at any time go on shore; but that it the rest of that night and the following would require some days to find good day, so that we advanced but very slowly,
We accordingly dispatched a being obliged to use the oars almost withperson to procure them. On the 15th out intermission. of July we met with a suitable vessel and During our voyage on the 10th we obfour good Norwegian rowers, one of whom served a Lapland tishing-hut, seated on a was a very skilful old pilot. We imme- little bill between two ebondous meks, diately took on board provisions suficient which towered to the very clouds Tije to last us several days on shore, in case striking contrast formed by the rich terof exigency, and set sail at two in the af- dure of the bill, and the dreary aspect of ternoon, with a favourable breeze, and the rocks, the beauty of the sea gently the finest weather imaginable.
agitated by a light breeze, the solitary Our course was northerly, between pro- and forlorn situation of the hut, cut off jecting necks of land which form a mul- froin all communication except with titude of very narrow bays. The coasts sea more frequently terrific than benut are bordered with enormous mountains, fal, all together contributed to give an imost of which are peaked. Alınost all of terest to this spectacle. them had patches of snow on the east and There being little wind, the heat insouth sides, and the habitations of the creased, and a vapour, absolutely sitiofishermen were, in general, to the east- cating, rose from the sea, a circumstance ward of the gulphs. Sometimes the wind, the more remarkable, as the water grow coming from the open sea, rushed through colder the farther we advance there deep vallies, forming whirlwinds, which the north. At night we landed al would have upset our vessel, hnd we not place where there were some fishennen taken care to lower the sail at their ap hues, and there spent a few hours. proach. After these moments of danger, In one of these huts, lighted by the we found ourselves all at once in a dead. faint glimmer of a perpetual fire, wie calin, under shelter of the mountains. old sick woman about ninety years of age. The aspect of the sen varied every in-Her daughter-in-law, a young Laplader, stant: soruetimes resembling a polished very handsome, and with a physiogo mirror, it reflected the itnage of the hi- uncommonly prepossessing, att det had deous rocks that bordered it; now the with the most affectionate assiduits. At surface, ruffled by a light brecze, appears the sight of the pilot, the old wontent ed of a very dark azure colour; now agi- into tours, while her daughter-inyhted by the whirlwinds I have just mene deavoured to contie hert.com tioned, the waves became quite bluck or having dried her teur, she nivel lor eres were whiteped with form. The wind on the ground with an expression