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winter, and in a heavy snow, to the assizes at Wells, where he met with cruel usage, being put into a chamber, like Noah's ark, full of all sorts of creatures, and laid in a bed with the Bridewell keeper, where the sheets were so wet, as, to cling to his fesh. The justice who committed him gave him harsh language; but the judge discharged him,
as he had satisfied the law. Whilst he was in prison, there was another disturbance at Mr. T. Bampfield's, by a person of Bath ; who, in searching for his ink-horn to take down names, having a pistol in his pocket shot himself in the thigh, which endangered his life, and made him miserable all his days.
Mr. Philips having his liberty, went over to Holland with a son of colonel Strode's, a member of parliament, and made a visit to his old acquaintance Mr. Hickman, at Leyden; where he saw the most noted places in Holland, and conversed with many learned men, particularly the famous Dr. Gisbert Voet, the only surviving member of the synod of Dort. Upon bis return to England, Mr. Philips went back again to Dunkerton, where he continued to preach with good success, though he met with great difficulties; especially from Mr. Bampfield and his brother, who éspoused the seventh day sabbath, and carFied it strangely to him, because of his different sentiments. He continued however his respectito them, and committed his cause to God; wbo in time made them more charitable to others, though inmoveable in their own opinion. He had afterwards various trials and tempta. tions ; many removals from place to place, and divers · bodily infirmities. Fines were often imposed and levied
upon him, and he had much trouble from the bishop's court, which drove him from his home to Bristol, London, and other places, for several years, till Charles II.'s Indulgence. He then returned to Sherborn, (to which the good people about Bath were very reluctant,) and for a year was very serviceable there. But on the expiration of the liberty, he met with great disturbance, and was forced away. After several removes he went to his own estate, at Beckington, where he lived many years, preaching to various congregations, far and near; particularly that at Froome, bringing forth fruit in old age. He died March 27, 1707, having been fifty years in the ministry. His funeral sermon was preached by his son-in-law, Mr. Jobs England, on Acts xx. 24. The following are extracts from it:
My deceased father, who recommended these words unto me for the present occasion, told me that this text was his motto: a motto very becoming a gospel minister.” In the close of the discourse he runs a parallel between the apostle and Mr. Philips, in some particulars of which the text speaks ; observing, " 1. That like Paul he was a great admirer of the grace of God. 2. That he was not diverted from preaching the Gospel by bonds and amictions. He had bis trials of this kind almost ever since he entered upon the ministry, which is upwards of fifty years. Having mentioned his first ejectment at Oxford, because he could not submit to re-ordination, and his second by the Act of Uniformity, with his subsequent imprisonments, &c. he adds, “ After this he was vexed in the bishop's court, and was excommunicated ; and a writ being out De excommunicato de capiendo, this forced him, for a time, to leave his dwelling, and to wander up and down, having no certain abiding place. And whilst he was from honie, there was a warrant out against him for sixty pounds, having been convicted for preaching at two meetings; the first offence being twenty pounds and the second forty pounds. Having survived these troubles, another warrant for a fine of twenty pounds was out against him for being at a meeting ; which warrant was executed and the money paid. in short, the whole time of his. ministry, excepting a little at the beginning, the year
of the Indulgence, in 1672, and the present Toleration, was full of trouble and danger." We do not find that Mr. Philips published any thing except two funeral sermonsi
PHILIPS, PEREGRINE, was born at Ambra in Pembrokeshire, South Wales, in 1623, where his father was a good old Puritan minister, who suffered for not reading the Book of Sports. He had his education first in the public school at liaverfordwest, next under sir Ed. Harley's chaplain, at. Bampton Bryan in Herefordshire, and lastly under Dr. Thomas, afterwards bishop of St. David's. From him, he went to Oxford, where he continued till he was forced away by the civil war. He first officiated at the church,' as curate to his uncle, Dr. Collins, minister of Kidwelly in Carmarthenshire, from whence he removed. to the living, of Llangone and Fresthorp, a rectory in Peinbrokeshire, which he enjoyed several years. Some gentlemen of the county taking notice of his abilia ties, were for advancing him to a place more equal to his merit. Accordingly, sir Hugh Owen, bart. sir Roger Lort, bart, and sir John Mayrick, preferred him to Mounton near Pembroke, and afterwards to St. Mary's and Cosheston, which were reckoned some of the best livings in that county. He preached three times every Lord's day, I once in each of his churches, and did much good. He was generally reputed the best preacher in those parts. At the time Oliver Cromwell laid siege to Pembroke, Mr. Philips was much expos d, but continued labouring among his people ; and though he sometimes had the balls flying about him, he was wonderfully preserved. Oliver, hearing of his fame, sent to him to preach at one his churches before the officers of his army, which he did with general approbation, and was afterwards much favoured by him, A number of men of war lying at Milford, designed for the reduction of Ireland, Cromwell got him on board to pray in each of the ships before they sailed. He afterwards, as occasion offered, preached in almost every church in the county both in Welsh and English ; and also before the judges, at the assizes at Cardigan, Carmarthen, and Haverfordwest. Being at that time one of the committee, he was an instrument of keeping several worthy ministers in their places. But at the restoration he himseif was ejected; when he retired to a farm called Dredgmanbill, and became tenant to sir Herbert Perrot, who was his great friend in most of the troubles he afterwards met with. Several other leading men of the county also dis
covered a great regard for him. There happened at Car: marthen, a dispute between him and Dr. Reynolds, about
ceremonies and discipline in the church; and another between him and his old tutor bishop Thomas, which was afterwards printed by the bishop, contrary to Mr. Philips's design or knowledge. He was soon after prosecuted on the Five Mile Act, and a number of his cattle were taken away by the bailiff, by order of Mr. Howard the high sheriff, who on his death bed asked hini forgiveness, which was readily granted ; but his cattle were never restored. He was again taken up some time after, and made close prisoner in the middle ot' harvest, none being left to manage his farm but a wife, who had five small children, and a very few servants. When he had been two months confined, he fell sick, and was discharged by the come.
missioners; when sir H. Perrot sent his coach to carry. him to his own house, where he lay a long time ill.of a fever, and was given over by his physicians. But a day of fasting and prayer being set apart by many serious Christians in those parts, on his account, God was pleased wonderfully to restore him. He was imprisoned a second time for keeping a conventicle in his house. When the judges and bishop Thomas came to the assizes at Haverfordwest, they made him considerable offers if he would conform ; but not prevailing, they set him at liberty, However, he was still troubled with fines and outlawries; his house was searched by the deputy-lieutenants, bailiffs, and constables; for he would not desist from preaching there, nor from labouring among his people by night; nay, he preached to a number of people who came to him, even when he was in prison. When liberty was granted to Dissenters by king James, he preached to two congregations every Lord's day; in the morning at Dredgmanhill, and in the afternoon at Haverfordwest ; both places being thronged with people. A few years before his decease, he met with a very wonderful deliverance, which deserves to be recorded. As he was riding homeward, late at night, over a place near Fresthorp, she was ejected from the rectory of Llangone and Fresthorp,) in which there were a great many coal pits, he and his horse fell into one of them, which was very deep and half full of water. The mouth of the pit being narrower about six yards deep than at the top, the horse there stuck fast, with his rider upoir. him. An old woman who was deaf providentially travelling with her grand-child that way. the child heard a great noise, and with much difficulty persuaded the'woman to go out of her road, to find the cause of it. At Jast, coming to the mouth of the pit, she found Mr. Philips's situation, and immediately went to captain Longman's, the proprietor, who had been his intimate friend
for many years, and he presently brought proper assist: ance, so that Mr. Philips was got up safe without any
considerable hurt. He died Sept. 17, 1691, aged sixtyeight.
PHILLIPS, JOSEPH, was born the year 1738, and was put apprentice to Mr. Payne, carpenter, in Shire Line, Temple Bar. During part of his apprenticeship he worked VOL. III.-No. 71. 40
on the building of Tottenham Court Chapel : but from that period till 1794, when he appeared as a preacher, nothing is known concerning him, though it is probable he worked at his trade. By what mean he was introduced to the pulpit we are not informed. It is however certain that his pulpit exercises were very few before that period, when he was engaged by the late rev. Mr. Wills, as his assistant curate at Silver Street and Islington Chapeis. In his service he read prayers, preached occasionally, and assisted at the dispensation of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, in both those places of worship: ihese duties he performed till after the removal of Mr. Wills to Cornwall in 1800, where he died. Mir. Phillips afterwards went to Faversham, in Kent, where he exercised ' his ministerial talents for a short time, and then returned to an alms house near Islington, being old and jufirin, from which tiine, his infirmities increasing upon bim, he remained in that friendly asylum till his death, which happened at the close of July 1898. . He was buried in the ground of Isa lington Chapel.
PHILPOT, JOHN, son of Peter Philpot, was born near Winchester; and was, in his youth, put to Wyckham, or New College, Oxford; where he studied the civil law for six or seven years, besides the other liberal sciences, especially the languages * From Oxford be set out upon his travels through Italy; where he was in some danger on account of his religion; a Franciscan frier at Padua, endeavouring to trouble him for heresy: But returning to England in the time of Edward VI. he was collated to the archdeaconry of Winchester by the pious and excellent Dr. Ponet, the first Protestant bishop of that see. Stephen Gardiner, Ponet's predecessor) bishop of Winchester, ever bore ill-will against Mr. Philpot, and forbade him preaching, oftentimes in king Henry's reign. But Philpot could not in conscience hide his talent, under
Mr. Strype records an amusing incident, relative to Mr. Philpot, after he went to Oxford ;--- [lliere says be; le profited in learniug so well, that he laid a wager of twenty pence with Joho llarpsfield, that he would make two hundred verses in one night, and not make above two faults in them. Mr. Thomas Tuchner, schoolmaster, was judge. and adjudged the twenty pence to Nir. Pbilpot." Strype's Eccl. Mem. Ill. p. 263,