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subsection may be inspected by any Board member or the member's agent or attorney for any proper purpose at any reasonable time.

(g) The accounts of the Institute shall be audited annually in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards by independent certified public accountants or independent licensed public accountants, certified or licensed by a regulatory authority of a State or other political subdivision of the United States on or before December 31, 1970. The audit shall be conducted at the place or places where the accounts of the Institute are normally kept. All books, accounts, financial records, files, and other papers, things, and property belonging to or in use by the Institute and necessary to facilitate the audit shall be made available to the person or persons conducting the audit, and full facilities for verifying transactions with the balances or securities held by depositories, fiscal agents, and custodians shall be afforded to such person or persons.

(h) The Institute shall provide a report of the audit to the President and to each House of Congress no later than six months following the close of the fiscal year for which the audit is made. The report shall set forth the scope of the audit and include such statements, together with the independent auditor's opinion of those statements, as are necessary to present fairly the Institute's assets and liabilities, surplus or deficit, with reasonable detail, including a statement of the Institute's income and expenses during the year, including a schedule of all contracts and grants requiring payments in excess of $5,000 and any payments of compensation, salaries, or fees at a rate in excess of $5,000 per year. The report shall be produced in sufficient copies for the public.

(i) The Institute and its directors, officers, employees, and agents shall be subject to the provisions of section 552 of title 5, United States Code (relating to freedom of information).

INDEPENDENCE AND LIMITATIONS SEC. 1709.18 (a) Nothing in this title may be construed as limiting the authority of the Office of Management and Budget to review and submit comments on the Institute's budget request at the time it is transmitted to the Congress.

(b) No political test or political qualification may be used in selecting, appointing, promoting, or taking any other personnel action with respect to any officer, employee, agent, or recipient of Institute funds or services or in selecting or monitoring any grantee, contractor, person, or entity receiving financial assistance under this title.


16 22 U.S.C. 4608. 19 22 U.S.C. 4609.

» Sec. 1554(a) of Public Law 102–325 (106 Stat. 839) amended and restated subsec. (a) to au. thorize appropriations for fiscal year 1993.

Previously, sec. 301 of Public Law 100-569 (102 Stat. 2863) authorized appropriations for fiscal year 1989–$10,000,000, fiscal year 1990_$10,000,000; fiscal year 1991-$10,000,000; fiscal year 1992—$15,000,000, fiscal year 1993—$15,000,000.


(1) IN GENERAL.-For the purpose of carrying out this title, there are authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1993 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 6 21 succeeding fiscal years.

(2) AVAILABILITY.-Funds appropriated pursuant to the authority of paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended. (b) The Board of Directors may transfer to the legal entity authorized to be established under section 1704(c) any funds not obligated or expended from appropriations to the Institute for a fiscal year, and such funds shall remain available for obligation or expenditure for the purposes of such legal entity without regard to fiscal year limitations. Any use by such legal entity of appropriated funds shall be reported to each House of the Congress and to the President of the United States.

(c) Any authority provided by this title to enter into contracts shall be effective for a fiscal year only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts.

DISSOLUTION OR LIQUIDATION SEC. 1711.22 Upon dissolution or final liquidation of the Institute or of any legal entity created pursuant to this title, all income and assets of the Institute or other legal entity shall revert to the United States Treasury.


SEC. 1712.23 Beginning two years after the date of enactment of this title, and at intervals of two years thereafter, the Chairman of the Board shall prepare and transmit to the Congress and the President a report detailing the progress the Institute has made in carrying out the purposes of this title during the preceding twoyear period. The President shall prepare and transmit to the Congress within a reasonable time after the receipt of such report the written comments and recommendations of the appropriate agencies of the United States with respect to the contents of such report and their recommendations with respect to any legislation which may be required concerning the Institute. After receipt of such re

Sec. 1601 of Public Law 99_498 (100 Stat. 1268), replaced the years 1985 and 1986 with 1987 and 1988, authorizing appropriations of $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1987 and $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1988.

Title IV of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1995 (Public Law 103–333; 108 Slat. 2571), provided:


"OPERATING EXPENSES "For necessary expenses of the United States Institute of Peace as authorized in the United States Institute of Peace Act, $11,500,000.".

Previous appropriations include: fiscal year 1988—$4,308,000 (Public Law 100-202; 101 Stat. 1329); fiscal year 1989–$7,000,000 (Public Law 100-436; 102 Stat. 1713), fiscal year 1990 $7,650,000 (Public Law 101-166; 103 Stat. 1189); fiscal year 1991-$8,600,000 (Public Law 101517; 104 Stat. 222), fiscal year 1992—$11,000,000 (Public Law 102-170; 105 Stat. 1140); fiscal year 1993—$11,000,000 (Public Law 102-394; 106 Stat. 1825); fiscal year 1994 $10,912,000 (Public law 103-112 107 Slat. w11).

31 Sec. 2(kX14) of Public Law 103-208 (Higher Education technical Amendments of 1993; 107 Stat. 2486) amended sec. 1554 of Public Law 102-325, which amended sec. 1710. That amendment provided for "each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years". Public Law 103–208 further amended the amendment to provide for "each of the ő succeeding fiscal years".

2 22 U.S.C. 4610. 23 22 U.S.C. 4611.

port by the Congress, the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate shall hold hearings to review the findings and recommendations of such report and the written comments received from the President.

k. National Academy of Peace and Conflict Resolution Title XV, part B of Public Law 95-561 (Education Amendments of 1978, HR

15), 92 Stat. 2143 at 2376, approved November 1, 1978




ESTABLISHMENT SEC. 1511. There is established a commission to be known as the Commission on Proposals for the National Academy of Peace and Conflict Resolution.

DUTIES OF COMMISSION SEC. 1512. (a) The Commission shall undertake a study to consider

(1) whether to establish a National Academy of Peace and Conflict Resolution;

(2) the size, cost, and location of an Academy,

(3) the effects which the establishment of an Academy would have on existing institutions of higher education;

(4) the relationship which would exist between an Academy and the Federal Government;

(5) the feasibility of making grants and providing other forms of assistance to existing institutions of higher education in lieu of, or in addition to, establishing an Academy; and

(6) alternative proposals, which may or may not include the establishment of an Academy, which would assist the Federal Government in accomplishing the goal of promoting peace. (b) In conducting the study required by subsection (a), the Commission shall

(1) review the theory and techniques of peaceful resolution of conflict between nations, and

(2) study existing institutions which assist in resolving conflict in the areas of international relations.

MEMBERSHIP SEC. 1513. (a) The Commission shall be composed of nine members as follows

(1) three appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate;

120 C.S.C. 1172 note.

(2) three appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and

(3) three appointed by the President. (b) Members shall be appointed for the life of the Commission.

(c) A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.

(d)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), members of the Commission each shall be entitled to receive the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay in effect for grade GS-18 of the General Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5332) for each day during which they are engaged in the actual performance of the duties of the Commission.

(2) Members of the Commission who are full-time officers or employees of the United States or Members of the Congress shall receive no additional pay on account of their service on the Commission.

(3) While away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services for the Commission, members of the Commission shall be allowed travel expenses, including a per diem in lieu of subsistence, in the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the Government service are allowed expenses under section 5703(b) of title 5, United States Code.

(e) The Commission shall elect a Chairman and a Vice Chairman from among its members.

(f) Five members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum.

(g) The Commission shall meet at the call of the Chairman or a majority of its members. DIRECTORS AND STAFF OF COMMISSION; EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS

SEC. 1514. (a) Subject to such rules as may be adopted by the Commission, the Chairman, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service and without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classifications and General Schedule pay rates, shall have the power to

(1) appoint a Director who shall be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay in effect for level V of the Executive Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5316);

(2) appoint and fix the compensation of such staff personnel as he considers necessary; and

(3) procure temporary and intermittent services to the same extent as is authorized by section 3109(b) of title 5, United

States Code. (b) Upon request of the Commission, the head of any Federal agency is authorized to detail, on a reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of such agency to the Commission to assist it in carrying out its duties under this title.

POWERS OF COMMISSION SEC. 1515. (a) The Commission may, for the purpose of carrying out this title, hold such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence as the Commission considers advisable. The Commission may administer


cumony, and receive such evidenes

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