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the others enjoy. Therefore there cannot be over this world many rulers, as there cannot be in one house many lords, nor in one ship many captains, nor in one herd or flock many leaders, nor in one regiment many commanders, nor in one nation many kings, nor in one sky many suns, nor in one body many souls. Indeed all nature calls for unity. Therefore the whole divine power is necessarily centred in one by whose nod and might all things are ordained; for which reason he is so great that human language is not adequate to express him, nor heart able to conceive him. What then has put the idea of many Gods into the heads of the people? Who is ignorant that those who were worshiped as Gods were men, perhaps brave and mighty kings, who for the services which they had rendered to civil society during life, were deified after death ?”

HILARIUS, A. D. 350. In Ps. CXXXIV. “The Church knows not a multitude of Gods. It is an error of the Gentiles to invent and believe the unions, conceptions, births, and successions of the Gods; but we have according to the Apostle one God, from whom are all things, and we are in him; and our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom were all things made and we by him ; one of one, God of God.”

AMBROSIUS, A. D. 370. Lib. 1, De fide, Cap. 2. “Consequently we announce that God is one, not two or three Gods.

Ad Cap. 9, Lucæ. “First, let us teach that God, the author of all things in the world, is one, in whom we live, are, and move, Acts VII. Then let us discard the idolatrous notion.When you are convinced of the existence of God, you will be able to prove that salvation is bestowed upon us by his decree through Christ.”

HIERONYMUS, A, D. 390. Ad Cap. 45, Isaiæ. “When he will teach the people from the Apostle's armory that there is no other God than one, who is the God of Jacob and of Israel, Marcion will be confounded, who imagines that there are two Gods, the one good, and the other bad ; the one the creator of the invisible, the other of the visible things ; the former the maker of the light, and the latter, of darkness; the one fomentor of peace, the other inventor of discord. Whereas, one and the same God hath for the diversity of merits created both.

Ad Cap. 4, Ephesios. “The Lord is one, and God is one ; because the domination of the Father and of the Son is one divinity.

GANDENTIUS, A. D. 400.

Tractatu quem prima die ordinationis ipsius Notarii exceperunt. “When the Hebrews were after the Egyptian prodigies, called to the knowledge of the one God, they first learned, obedience as if a guide to the observance of the divine commands. For the Scripture says : Deut. VI. Hear, O Israel, the Lord, thy God is one God.”

AUGUSTINUS, A. D. 400. De Trinitate, lib. 1, Cap. 4. “The several Catholic commentators of both Testaments, whom I could reach, and who wrote on the Trinity, which is God, teach from the Scriptures, that the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost, are of one and the same substance, and hold forth a divine unity of inseparable equality ; and that therefore they are not three Gods, but one God.

Sermo 6, de Tempore. “Cursed be the man who confesses not the undivided Deity of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Cursed be the man who confesses the

proper names of the persons three Gods, or three Lords, or three Spirits."

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FULGENTIUS, A. D. 500. Lib. ad Donatum, Cap. 3. “The genuine authority of both Testaments, demonstrates that there is one God. For of this one God, holy Moses saith : Hear, O Israel, the Lord thy God is one God.

ISODORUS HISPALENSIS, A. D. 620. Præfatione in Numer. “God in all things, and before all things, and over all things, is one in his omnipotence, magnificence, and in incomprehensible majesty, as it is written : Hear, O Israel, the Lord thy God is one God. For who can in heaven, on earth or under the earth, compare with the one only God in eternity, in power, in trinity, in unity, in divinity, or humanity ? He is indeed called one only God, because no other equal to him is found, or read of in heaven, either heretofore, or now, or hereafter."

CONCILIUM TOLETATUM, XI, A. D. 670. In confessione fide. “The holy Trinity is one and true God.”

CAROLUS MAGNUS, A. D. 780. Lib. 1, Legum, Cap. 6. “First of all we admonish that the Catholic faith be diligently read and preached to all the people, by the Bishops and Priests; because it is the first commandment of the Lord the omnipotent God in the law: Hear, O Israel, the Lord thy God is one God."

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CHAPTER IV.

GOD IS OMNIPOTENT.

Gen. I, Verse 3. God said : Be light made, and light was made. 6. God also said : Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters ; and let it divide the waters from the waters. And it was made so. 9. God also said : Let the waters that are under the heavens be gathered together into one place; and let the dry land appear. And it was done so. 14. And God said ; Let there be light made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and night ; and let it be for signs, and for seasons and for days and years. And it was so done. 24. God said also : Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind; cattle and creeping things, and the beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.

Gen. XVII, 1. The Lord appeared to Abraham, and said to him: I am the Almighty God.

Gen. XVIII, 13. The Lord said to Abraham: Why did Sarah laugh, saying: Shall I, who am an old woman, bear a child indeed ? Is there anything hard to God?

Gen. XXVIII, 3. Omnipotent God bless thee, and make thee to increase and multiply.

Cap. XXXV, 11. And he said to him: I am God almighty, increase thou and be multiplied.

Cap. XLIII, 14. May my God almighty make him favoura

ble to you.

Cap. XLVIII, 3. Almighty God appeared to me at Luza.

Cap. XLIX, 25. The omnipotent God shall bless thee with the blessings of heaven above.

Num. XI, 23. Is the hand of the Lord unable ? saith the Lord.

1 Regum XIV, 6. It is easy for the Lord to save either by many, or by few.

2 Paral XIV, 11. O Lord there is no difference with thee, whether thou help with few, or with many. Help us, O Lord our God.

Job. XLII, 2. I know, O Lord, that thou canst do all things, and no thought is hid from thee.

Psalm LXX, 18. Until I show forth thy arm to all the generation to which it is to come. Thy power and thy justice, o God, even to the highest of great things thou hast done : 0 God, who is like to thee ?

Psalm CV, 2. Who shall declare the powers of the Lord ! who shall set forth all his praises.

Psalm CXXXIV, 6. Whatsoever the Lord pleased he hath done, in heaven, in earth, in the sea, and in all the deep.

Psalm CXXXV, 4. Who alone hath done great wonders.

Psalm CXXXVIII, 14. I will praise thee, for thou art fearfully magnified : wonderful are thy works and my soul knoweth right well.

Psalm CXLVIII, 5. He spoke and they were made ; he commanded, and they were created.

Wisd. XI, 18. For thy almighty hand, which made the world of matter without form, was not unable.

Wisd. XII, 18. Thou being master of power, judgest with tranquility, and with great favor disposest of us ; for thy power is at hand when thou wilt.

Isaias XL, 10. Behold the Lord God shall come with great strength, and his arm shall rule. 12. Who hath measured the

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