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mind, than at those moments, when, dressed in all the spletidour of decoration, their persons derive additional lustre from the blaze of Grecian lamps, the heat of fires, and the reflection of mirrors ? How agreeable to our palate are our grapes, pines, and nectarines, when partaken in a bower, formed of roses and honeysuckles, which seem to vie with each other in imparting their fragrance to our peaches and our melons ! If these are not the “ Coenæ deorum” of Horace, . they are at least the “ epulæ deorum.” Sherry becomes Burgundy, water nectar, honey manna, - and bread ambrosia. While the flageolet, which merely pleases in the odeum, enchants us among rocks; and seems even to articulate, if it be sounded in a narrow valley or glen, where the music of its echoes charm even more than the modulations of the instrument itself. • No slumber is more delightful than that, which is brought on by the mingled sounds of natural music. Dryden alludes to this lulling power, in his poem of Cymon and Iphigenia. The lovely nymph lies sleeping on the banks of a river:
“The fanning wind upon her bosom blows;
To meet the fanning wind her bosom rose; ·
The fanning wind, and purling stream, continue her repose.” - Virgil speaks of “ Molles sub arbore Somni a ;” Lucretius has a similar passage b: while the power of natural objects to lull the senses of the elegant, is beautifully insinuated by Horace ®; and more particularly alluded to by Spenser, in his Bower of Bliss. One of the archbishops of Saltzburgh frequently dined in his garden and his aviary: and Leopold, emperor of Germany, twice took a collation under the shade of the hazel tree, growing in the city of Frankfort. “ I had rather dine under this tree,” said his imperial majesty, "than in the finest palace in Germany.” And here, my Lelius, you must excuse me, for quoting one of your own letters, written from Vil
* Georg. ii. 1. 470. Lib. ii. * Lib. v. Ep. ii. 23. 27.
leneuve, situated in the bosom of the Savoy mountains. “When I arrived at the bridge, crossing the Doron, I sat myself down upon the grass, took out my wallet, and regaled myself with a few dates and oranges, I had brought with me in my fishingbag, with great satisfaction. Perceiving a cottage at some distance, I walked thither; and, procuring some milk and à little honey, I enjoyed a repast, of which the patriarchs would not have disdained to have partaken. I then laid myself down upon the grass, and gazed for some time upon the clear autumnal sky above; and sent my imagination among those innumerable globes, that invisibly fill the vast regions of space, till sleep overtaking me in the excursion, I fell into a dream; and having partaken of an agreeable repast myself, I fancied that I saw Camöens and Tasso reclining under orange trees ; and satisfying their hunger with the fruits above them, which they were not always capable of doing, when in this world of trouble and misfortune. On the other hand, Voltaire, the companion of kings,—was weaving a crown of laurel for them; and the princes, in whose reigns Tasso was a prey to melancholy, and Camöens died of hunger in the streets, were eating wild leeks, and drinking water from a fountain, in which were a vast number of crawling reptiles.”
As a contrast to the simple enjoyments of moderate appetites, I shall present you with an account of the banquets of princes. Diodorus Siculus relates, that an Agrigentine, on the marriage of his daughter, feasted upwards of 20,000 persons. The brother of the Emperor Vitellius once treated him with 2,000 fishes, and 7,000 birds; all “ scarce and exquisite.”
Had Vitellius lived, says Josephus, not even the whole revenue of the Roman empire could have maintained his table! Heliogabalus, who was the first Roman that ever clad himself in silk, never ate fish when he resided near the sea; nor any fowls, or meat, but what came from a great distance a. His horses he fed with grapes ; his lions and tigers with partridges, quails, pheasants, and woodcocks; and his dogs with the livers of ducks, geese, and turkeys; while he ate for his daily food the heads of parrots and peacocks, the combs of cocks, and the brains of thrushes and nightingales. To these banquets, he would frequently invite eight old men, blind of one eye ; eight bald ; eight deaf; eight lame with the gout; eight blacks ; eight exceedingly thin ; and eight 80 fat, that they could scarcely enter the room"; and who, when they had eaten as much as they desired, were obliged to be taken out of the apartment on the shoulders of several soldiers.
At the installation of the Archbishop of Canterbury, in the reign of Edward IV., the Right Reverend Primate gave a feast, in which were consumed b 104 oxen, 304 calves, 306 swine, 1,000 sheep, and 2,000 pigs ; 104 peacocks, 400 swans, 1,000 capons, 2,000 geese, 5,500 venison pasties, and 5,000 custards. There were also consumed 300 quarters of wheat, 300 tuns of ale, and 100 tuns of wine.
At the dinner, given by Henry of Winchester, at the nuptials of his sister-in-law, Cincia, with Prince Richard, celebrated at Westminster, November 23, 1243, there were no less than 30,000 dishes. In the reign of Edward the Fourth, the Earl of Warwick’s brother entertained a large portion of the nobility and clergy upon being installed Archbishop of York. At this feast were consumed eighty fat oxen ; six wild bulls ; 200 kids; 300 hogs; 300 calves ; 300 pigs ; 1,004 wethers; and 4,000 rabbits: 100 peacocks; 200 cranes; 200 pheasants; 400 plovers ; 500 partridges ; 2,000 chickens ; 2,000 woodcocks; 3,000 geese ; 3,000 capons ; 4,000. ducks; and 4,000 pigeons : 400 bucks, does, and roebucks ; 1,506 hot venison pasties, and 4,000 cold ones ; 300 pikes ; 300 breams; four porpoises, and eight seals : : 400 tarts ; 1,000 dishes of jelly parted ; 4,000 dishes of plain jelly;: and 6,000 custards. There were also consumed 300 quarters of wheat; a pipe of spiced wine ; 350 tuns of ale; and 104 pipes of wine. . In the time of William of Rosenberg, the annual revenue of a small state was frequently expended at a marriage. This. nobleman, being one of the richest in Bohemia; married Mary, Margravine of Baden. At this marriage were drank 40 tuns of Spanish wine ; 1,100 setiers of Austrian, Rhenian, and Tyrolian wine; besides vast quantities of liquors. The festivities began on the 26th January, 1378, and closed on the 1st of May: during which time there were consumed 150 oxen; 450 sheep; 546 calves ; and 634 hogs: thirty heathcocks'; 240 pheasants ; 2,050 partridges, and not less than 2,130 hares. Besides these, there were 120 pieces of other game, and forty stags. Of poultry, there were 3,106 capons and pullets, with 5,135 geese, garnished and attended with 30,997 eggs. The quantity of fish consumed was equally surprising ; as most of them were river fish : 675 lampreys; 6,080 trout; 1,820 carp; and 10,209 pike; besides 350 tails of stock-fish ; 2,600 lobsters; and 7,096 dried fish of different descriptions.
A In respect to his appetite, Ælius Lampridius says, “ Comedit sæpius ad imitationem Apicii calcanea camelorum, et cristas vivis gallinaceis deruptas, linguas pavonum et lusciniarum : quod qui ederet ab Epilepsia tutus diceretur.” Antony had once eight boars roasted for his supper. Cleopatra dissolved a pearl, worth 125,000 Italian ducats, and drank it. Caligula frequently dissolved pearls in vinegar, and served them up to his guests. In the reign of Aurelian, a centurion, named Phagon, ate, in one day, a pig, a sheep, 100 loaves, and a wild boar; and Albinus is said to have consumed 40 dozen oysters, 100 woodpeckers, 20 lb. of grapes, 10 melons, and 100 peaches.'
Spartian relates, that Geta was accustomed, at his feasts, to have the dishes served up according to the first letters of their names; as peas and pork, veal and venison, &c. &c.
b Leland, Collectanea.
provisions, consumed at the festival, given by the Duke of Orleans, at his chateau of Villers-Cotterets, to Louis the Fifteenth, after his coronation.
There were consumed 3,071 lbs. of ham ; 10,550 lbs. of bacon and hog's lard ; 29,045 head of poultry and game; 100,809 lbs. of butcher's meat ; 5801. worth of sea and freshwater fish; 150,096 lbs. of bread; 36,464 eggs, and 6,660 lbs. of butter: 800 bottles of old hock; 200 hogsheads of common wine ; 80,000 bottles of Champagne and Burgundy; and 3,000 bottles of liqueurs : 800 pomegranates ; 2,000 lbs. of sugar-plums ; 15,000 lbs. of sweetmeats ; 65,000 oranges and lemons; and 150,000 lbs.of apples and pears: 1,500lbs. of chocolate; 2,000 lbs. of coffee, besides tea; and 8,000 lbs. of sugar.
It is said, that where Nature furnishes a guest, she seldom fails to furnish a banquet : but profusion like this must have caused many a father to pine for the misery of his unfortunate infants. · The wealth of the entertainer, and the magnificence of the fête, may be still further illustrated by an allusion to the linen; the number of china dishes and plates ; and the gold and silver utensils. These were 900 dozens of napkins; 2,000 dozens of aprons for the various cooks, and other persons employed ; with 3,300 table-cloths. There were, also, 20,000 pieces of crystal dishes, on which to serve sweetmeats, &c.; 30,000 china plates and dishes for the dessert; 115,000 glasses and decanters; with 50,000 plates, dishes, tureens, and other pieces of silver and gilt silver.
Such were the feasts of princes !—The comforts of a social family—what are they to the vile raptures of a military people? The Romans of the empire delighted in the shows of animals. In the days of the republic, Pompey was drawn in triumph by elephants; and. Antony by lions. Aurelian was drawn by deer; Firmus by ostriches a : Heliogabalus,
à August. Hist.