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the lust of uncleanness, and defpise * governnient [Or, dominion]: Presumptuous are they, self-willed, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities: 11. Whereas f angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation (1) againft them before the Lord. these as natural å brute beasts, made to be taken and de stroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand niot,and shall utterly perish in their own corruption ; 13. And thall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day-time: b. Ipots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings
, while they feast with you ; 14. Having eyes full of * adul. tery [Gr. an adulteress], and that cannot ceafe from fin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of i Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; 16. But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with mans voice, forbad the madness of the prophet. 17. k These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempeft, to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. 18.
For Grace of our God into Lascivious bring against him a railing Accufati
. ness. — Even as Sodom and Gomor on, but said, the Lord rebuke rha, and the Cities about them in thee. like manner, giving themselves O. 8 + Jer. 12. 3. -Pull them ver to Forrication, and going after 5 out like Sheep for the Slaughter, strange Flesh, are set forth for an Ex and prepare them for the Day of ample, suffering the Vengeance of Slaughter. Jude ver. 1o. These eternal Fire. Likewise also thefe fpeak evil of the things they know filthy Dreamers defile the Flesh. not : but what they know naturalWhat they know naturally as brute soly as brute Beasts; in those things Beasts; in those things they corrupt they corrupt themselves. themselves. Walking after their 13. h + Jude ver. 12. own Lufts.
Cor. 11. 21. e Jude ver. 8. Thefe filthy 15. I + Jude ver. 1. Wo unto Dreamers defile the Flesh, despife 15 them ; for they have gone in the Dominion, and speak evil of Digni- Way of Cain, and ran greedily afties. Exod. 22. 28. Thou shalt not ter the Error of Balaam for Rewara. revile the Gods (or, Judges), nor See Numb. 22, 6c. curse the Ruler of thy People.
17. k 7 Jude verses 12, 13. These f + Jude, ver. 9. Yet Micha: 20 are ---Clouds without. Water, carried el the Archangel, when contend about of Winds. Wandring ing with the Devil, he disputed a Stars, to whom is referved the bout the Body of Moses, durft not Blackness of Darkness for ever.
(1) # Some read, against them clocs.
For when they ' speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much 2. wantoriness, those that m were (1) clean escaped from them who live in error : 19. While they promile them » liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption:
for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. 20. For ? if after they have 9 escaped the 3 pollutions of the world, through the knowledge
öf the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome ; the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. 21. For, it had been s better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered ' unto them. 22. But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The u dog is turned to his own vomit again ; and, The low that was washed, to her wallowing in the mire.
С Н А Р. III. THIS
HÍS second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you;
in both which I a stir up your pure mirds by way of remembrance: 2. That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the t coinmandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour: 3. Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, -4. And saying, - Where is the promise of his coming ?
for 18. ' + Jude ver 16. These are Dog returneth to his Vemit ; fo a Murmurers, Complainers, walking Fool returneth to his folly. after their own Lufts; and their
CH A P. III. Mouth speakech
great Swelling 1. a + 2 Pet. 1.13. See on Rom.' Words.
515. 15. † Acts 2. 40. - Save your selves 2.6.: Jude ver. 17. Beloved,refrom this untoward Generation. member ye the Words which were 19. nt i Pet. 2. 16.
spoken before of the Apostles of Joh. 8. 36.
our Lord Jesus Christ. of Rom. 6. 16. See on Joh. 19 3. Ct i Tim. 4. 1. + 2 Tim. 3.
1. † Jude ver. 13. See on 2 Thef. + Heb. 6.
of Heb. 10. 26. See on Luk. 11. 26.
4. Ifa. s. 19. (Wo unto them) 9 + 2 Pet. 1.4.
that fay, Let him make speed, and r.; 2 Pet. 1. 2.
15 haften his Work, that we may see 21. See on Luk. 12. 47, 48.
it : and let the Counsel of the ho.. 22. u of Prov. 26. u.' As the
ly (1) # Or, for a little, or, a while, as some read.
for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they rere from the beginning of the creation. 5. For this they willingly are ignorant of, that e by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the f earth * standing (Gr. consisting] out of the water, and in the water. 6. 8 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished. 7. But the heavens and the earth which are now, by the fame word are kept in store, reserved unto h fire against the day of judgment, and perdition of ungodly men. 8. But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that i one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. 9.
k The Lord' is 'not flack concerning his promise, (as some men count slackness) but is ' long-suffering to usward, m not willing that any should perill, but " that all should come to repentance. 10. But the (1) day of the Lord
will ly one of Israel draw nigh and come, :: Col. 1. 17. He is before all that we may know it.
things, and by him all things 15. Behold, they say unto ine, confift. Where is the Word of the Lord ? 6. • t Gen. 7. 11, 21.- The let it come now. † Ezek. 12. 22,27: fame Day were all the Fountains of Son of Man, What is that Proverb the great Decp broken up, and the that ye have in the Land of Israel, Windows of Heaven were opened, saying, The Day's are prolonged, and
and all Flesh died that moved upon every Vision failech. Son of Man, the Earth.behold, they of the House of Ifra-10 7.
h See on 2 Ther. 1. 8. el lay, The Vision that he feeth is 8. if Pfal. 90. 4. A thousand for many Days to come, and he prophe Years in thy fight are but as Tefter. fieth of the Times that are far of day.- Ecclefiafticus 18. 10. As a Mal. 2. 17. Ye bave wearied the Drop of Water unto the Sea, - fo Lord with your Words, when are a thousand Years unto the Days say, Every one that doth evil, is of Eternity. good in the Sight of the Lord, 9. k Hab. 2. 3. See on Heb. and he delighteth in them ; or, 10:37. Where is the God of Judgment ? Mar. if Ifa. 30. 18. See on Rom. 24.48. If that evil Servant shall20 2. 4. 1ay in his Heart, My Lord delayeth m' of Ezek. 18. 32. t Ezek. 33. his coming
11. See on i Tim. 2. 4. 5.
e of Gen 1. 6,9. † Pfal. 33. n : Rom. 2. 4. Despiseft thou 6, See on Joh 1. 3.
the Riches of his goodness, and † † Pfàl. 24. 2. He hath founded as forbearance, and long. suffering it upon the Seas, and establithed it not knowing that the Goodness of upon the Flouds.
† Pfal. 136. God_leadeth thee to Repentance ? 6. To him thac pretched out the of Tim. 2.4. Who will have al Erreh above the
Men to be saved.-his mercy endureth for ever. 30 (1) The Aposle here assures Christians that the Day of the Lord,
will come as a " thief in the night ; in the which th: P heavens fhall pass away with a great noise, and the elements fhall melt with fervent heat, the earth also, and the works that are therein Ahall be burnt up. 11. Seeing then that all these things shall be diffolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all 9 holy converfation and godlinels, 12. Looking for, and * hasting unto the coming [Or, hafting the coming] of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire thall.' be diffolved, and the elements thall melt with fervent heat? 13. Nevertheless we, according to his promise, s look for (1) new
heavens ti Thef. 5. 2. of Rev. 3.
: 1 Pet. 1, 15. See on I 3. + Rev. 16. 15. See on Mat. 24 43
: Ifa. 34. 4. See on Luk. p't Pfal. 102. 26. Ifa. 51. 6. Mat, 24 35. # Rev. 20. 14, S. 13. st Isa. 65. 17.
'Ifa. 65. Rev.21, d. See on Luk. 16.
Rev. 21. 1, 27.
See on Rom. 8. 19.
hough it might seem long in coming, yet it would most certainly come, nd that at a Time when those whom it most concerned, had no thougho jor expectation of it. These lofty and strong Expressions, the passing avay of the Heavens, and the melting of the Earth, are, by good Expositors, understood figuratively, and to denote the Destruction of Jerusalem, and he Dislution of the Jewijk State; it being usual among the Eastern Nations (whose manner of speaking, as has been ofren observed, is imitated by he Writers of the New-Teftament) to represent great Events as if the whole Frame of the World were to be at once diffolved. If we understand hem literally, as some do, they refer to the last and final Judy nent, when this Earth, the Air, the Sea, and all that dwell upon and belong to it, will be destroyed by a general Conflagration, of which, the Die truction of Jerusalem was but a figure. And in this two-fold Sente may the three following Verses be understood.
(1) I do not understand thefe Expressions, new Heavens and a new Earth, in a literal Sense, as if the material Heavens were to be created anew; buc in a figurative Sense, denoting that after the Destruction of Jerusalem and the Jewish Polity, there should be a new State of chings; a new Church, in which there Thould be new Ordinances, new Sacraments, Baptism ad the Lord's-Supper, instead of Circumcifion and the Pallover; the ex$ should be cast off, and the Gentiles taken in ; a new Covenant ; in few Words, there shall be such a moral Change in the Affairs of the Church, as will in a manner equal the new Creation of the Heaven and the Earth promised to the Sews; and Christ shall eltablish a new Kingdom, and the Enemies of God, and of his People, Mall be destroyed. In this new State, which shall be before the general Conflagration of the Earth, Men ihall be free from all Sin and Wickedness, and the univerhal Practice of Ilolineis, Peace, and Love, shall prevail. Some refer these Words to That glorious State which good Christians shall be admitred into afrer the general Conflagration and Judgment, where they thall live in the molt compleat practice of all Virtue, and in the Enjoyment of the most picitec: Happiness
heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness
. 14. Wherefore, beloved, leeing that ye look for luch things, be diligent u that ye may be found of him in peace, without fpot, and blameless : 15. And account that the
long-suffering of our Lord is falvation ; even as our belov. ed brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him, hath written unto you ; 16.As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things : in which are some things (1) hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unta
: 1 Cor. 15. 58. † Phil. livered up the Kingdom to God even j. 10. + 1 Ther. 3. 13. t i Thef. the Father ; when he shall have 5.23. See on s Cor. 1.8.
put down all Rule, and all Autho15. + Ver. 9. : ; Pet. 3. 20. rity and Power. t 1 Thef.4.15, See on Rom. 2. 4.
s This we say unto you by the Word 16. b + Rom. 8. 19. The earnest of the Lord, that we which are a. Expectation of the Creature waiteth live and remain unto the coming of for the Manifestation of the Sons of the Lord, shall not prevent them God. t 1 Cor. 15. 24. Then come that are asleep. eth the End, when he shall have de- 1o c See on Heb. 5. Il.
(1) St. Peter does not say that St. Paul's Epistles are hard to be understood, but only that some things in them are so ; for the Words are not, in which Epistles, but, in or among which things, some are hard to be understood. The Words therefore in which, do not refer to all St. Paul's Epistles, but to those things which St. Peter is discoursing of in this Chapter, particularly with respect to the coming of Christ, as St. Pou! does in many of his Epistles. It is manifeft from what St. Peter here says, that al Christians were allowed to read the Scriptures, how else could the unlearned and unstable wrest them ? This the Apostle blames, but he does not blame them for Reading the Scriptures, much less does hi forbid the Reading of them as the most effectual Way to prevent their being wrifted. And this shews how ill grounded that Conclusion is which the Writers in the Church of Rome draw from this Place, namely, that Lay Christians ought not to be allowed to read the Scriptures. The true lxference which the Consideration of the Difficulties in the holy Scriptures directs us to is, that we fould read them with great Diligence and Apo plication, and not be too hafty in the Conclusions we draw from a final! Places. The things necessary to Salvation are plain and eatie. What can be more plain than the Gommands, Exhoitations, Promules, and Threatnings contained in the holy Scriptures? By the Unicarned, is nat meant those who are deftitute of that knowledge we now cumincaly account Learning ; but those who had not learne che fi ft Rudiments and Principles of the Christian Religion. There they were ignorant of, net because they could not know them, but because they would not. Iheir Affe&tions were impure, and their Minds ellranged from Religioa and Piety. By unstable, is meant, nor feriled, not coniuned in the gress Principles of Religion. Sometimes they believed them, fcierinas they queftioned them, and fometimes they dsbelicved them They