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SA T Y R S
Decimus Junius Juvenalis :
AULUS PERSIUS FLACCUS.
Translated into English VERSE
And several other Hands.
To which is Prefix'd a
Quicquid agunt Homines, votum, timor, ira, voluptas,
L O N D ON:
in the Strand,
M DCC LIV.
To the Right Honourable
CH A R L E S
Earl of Dorset and Middlefex,
Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Houshold,
Knight of the Most Noble ORDER of the GARTER, &c.
HE Wishes and Defires of all good Men, which have attended your Lord'hip from your First Appearance in the World,
are at length accomplish'd in your obSA
taining those Honours and Dignities, which you have so long desery'd. There are no Factions, thio' irreconcileable to one another, that are not united in their Affection to you, and the Respect they pay you. They are equally pleas'd in your Profperity, and wou'd be equally concernd in your Afliction. Titus Vefpafian was not more the Delight of Humankind. "The Universal Empire made him only more known, and more powerful, but cou'd not make him more below'd. He had greater Ability of doing Good,
but your Inclination to it, is not less: And tho' you cou'd not extend your Beneficence to so many Persons, yet you have lost as few Days as that excellent Emperor, and never had his Complaint to make when you went to Bed, that the Sun had fhone upon you in vain, when you had the opportunity of relieving some unhappy Man. This, my Lord, has justly acquir'd you as many Friends, as there are Persons who have the Honour to be known to you: Meer Acquaintance you have none; you have drawn them all into a nearer Line: And they who have convers’d with you, are for ever after inviolably yours. This is a Truth so generally acknowledg'd, that it needs no Proof: 'Tis of the Nature of a first Principle, which is receiv'd as soon as it is propos'd ; and needs not the Reformation which Descartes us’d to his : For we doubt not, neither can we properly say, we think we admire and love you, above all other Men: There is a Certainty in the Propofition, and we know it. . With the fame As. surance can I say, you neither have Enemies, nor can scarce have any ; for they who have never heard of you, can neither Love or Hate you ; and they who have, can have no other Notion of you, than that which they receive from the Publick, that you are the best of Men. After this, my Testimony can be of no farther use, than to declare it to be Day-light at High
And all who have the Benefit of Sight, can look up as well, and see the Sun.
'Tis true, I have one Privilege which is almost particular to myself, that I saw you in the East at your first arising above the Hemisphere: I was as foon fenfible as any Man of that Light, when it was but just Shooting out, and beginning to travel upward to the Meridian. I made my early Addresses to your Lordftip, in my Essay of Dramatick Poetry; and therein bespoke you to the Wrld wherein I have the Right
of a First Discoverer. When I was myself, in the Rudiments of my Poetry, without Name or Reputation in the Wor!d, having rather the Ambition of a Writer, than the Skill ; when I was drawing the Outlines of an Art, without any living Master to instruct me in it; an Art which had been better prais'd than ftudy'd here in England, wherein Shakespear, who created the Stage among us, had rather written happily, than knowingly and justly: and Johnson, who by ftudying Horace, had been acquainted with the Rules, yet seemed to envy to Posterity that Knowledge, and and like an Inventor of some useful Art, to make a Monopoly of his Learning: When thus, as I may fay, before the Use of the Loadstone, or Knowledge of the Compass, I was failing in a vast Ocean, without other help than the Pole-Star of the Ancients, and the Rules of the French Stage amongst the Moderns, whicka are extremely different from ours, by reason of their oppolite Tafte; yet even then, I had the Presumption to Dedicate to your Lordship : A very unfinith'd Piece, I must confess, and which only can be excus'd by the little Expeience of the Author, and the Modesty of che Title, An E say. Yet I was stronger in Prophecy than I was in Criticism ; I was inspir'd to foretel You to Mankind, as the Restorer of Poetry, the greatest Genius, the truest Judge, and the best Patron.
Good Sense and good Nature are never separated, tho' the ignorant World has thought otherwise. Good Nature, by which I mean Beneficence and Candor, is the Product of right Reason ; which of neceßlicy will give allowance to the Failings of others, by confidering that there is nothing perfect in Mankind; and by distinguishing that which comes nearest to Excellency, tho' not ablolutely free from Faults, will certainly pro. duce a Candor in the Judge. 'Tis incident to an elevated Understanding, like your Lordship's, to find out A 3