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1836. ARTICLE 10. The President of the United States shall invest The Presidene in some safe and most productive public stocks of the country 10 make invest. for the benefit of the whole Cherokee nation who have removed
or shall remove to the lands assigned by this treaty to the Chero
not been already satisfied under former treaties. Commutation of ARTICLE 11. The Cherokee nation of Indians believing it echool fand
will be for the interest of their people to have all their funds and
fund amounting to about fifty thousand dollars shall constitute a 1836. part of the permanent school fund of the nation.
ARTICLE 12. Those individuals and families of the Cherokee Provision m nation that are averse to a removal to the Cherokee country west kees avere more of the Mississippi and are desirous to become citizens of the mova States where they reside and such as are qualified to take care of themselves and their property shall be entitled to receive their due portion of all the personal benefits accruing under this treaty for their claims, improvements and per capita ; as soon as an appropriation is made for this treaty.
Such heads of Cherokee families as are desirous to reside within the States of North Carolina Tennessee and Alabama subject to the laws of the same; and who are qualified or calculated to become useful citizens shall be entitled, on the certificate of the commissioners to a pre-emption right to one hundred and sixty acres of land or one quarter section at the minimum Congress price; so as to include the present buildings or improvements of those who now reside there and such as do not live there at present shall be permitted to locate within two years any lands not already occupied by persons entitled to pre-emption privilege under this treaty and if two or more families live on the same quarter section and they desire to continue their residence in these States and are qualified as above specified they shall, on receiving their pre-emption certificate be entitled to the right of pre-emption to such lands as they may select not already taken by any person entitled to them under this treaty.
It is stipulated and agreed between the United States and the Cherokee people that John Ross James Starr George Hicks John Gunter George Chambers John Ridge Elias Boudinot George Sanders John Martin William Rogers Roman Nose Situwake and John Timpson shall be a committee on the part of the Cherokees to recommend such persons for the privilege of preemption rights as may be deemed entitled to the same under the above articles and to select the missionaries who shall be removed with the nation; and that they be hereby fully empowered and authorized to transact all business on the part of the Indians which may arise in carrying into effect the provisions of this treaty and settling the same with the United States If any of the persons above mentioned should decline acting or be re. moved by death; the vacancies shall be filled by the committee themselves.
It is also understood and agreed that the sum of one hundred thousand dollars shall be expended by the commissioners in such manner as the committee deem hest for the benefit of the poorer class of Cherokees as shall remove west or have removed west and are entitled to the benefits of this treaty. The same to be delivered at the Cherokee agency west as soon after the removal of the nation as possible. . ARTICLE 13. In order to make a final settlement of all the Sulement of
claims for fortber claims of the Cherokees for reservations granted under former reservations treaties to any individuals belonging to the nation by the United States it is therefore hereby stipulated and agreed and expressly
1836. understood by the parties to this treaty—that all the Cherokees
and their heirs and descendants to whom any reservations have
as it is only a just fulfilment of former treaty stipulations.
States that such warriors of the Cherokee nation as were engaged on the side of the United States in the late war with Great Britain and the southern tribes of Indians, and who were wounded in such service shall be entitled to such pensions as shall be allowed them by the Congress of the United States to
commence from the period of their disability. Futzes to be di- ARTICLE 15. It is expressly understood and agreed between
the parties to this treaty that after deducting the amount which shall be actually expended for the payment for improvements, ferries, claims, for spoliations, removal subsistence and debts and
Mansions to cer lair WarTiON
bod among the
claims upon the Cherokee nation and for the additional quantity 1836. of lands and goods for the poorer class of Cherokees and the several sums to be invested for the general national funds; provided for in the several articles of this treaty the balance what. ever the same may be shall be equally divided between all the people belonging to the Cherokee nation east according to the census just completed ; and such Cherokees as have removed west since June 1833 who are entitled by the terms of their enrolment and removal to all the benefits resulting from the final treaty between the United States and the Cherokees east they shall also be paid for their improvements according to their approved value before their removal where fraud has not already been shown in their valuation.
ARTICLE 16. It is hereby stipulated and agreed by the Indians to reCherokees that they shall remove to their new homes within years. two years from the ratification of this treaty and that during such time the United States shall protect and defend them in their possessions and property and free use and occupation of the same and such persons as have been dispossessed of their improvements and houses; and for which no grant has actually issued previously to the enactment of the law of the State of Georgia, of December 1835 to regulate Indian occupancy shall be again put in possession and placed in the same situation and condition; in reference to the laws of the State of Georgia as the Indians that have not been dispossessed; and if this is not done; and the people are left unprotected; then the United States shall pay the several Cherokees for their losses and damages sustained by them in consequence thereof And it is also stipulated and agreed that the public buildings and improvements on which they are situated at New Echota for which no grant has been actually made previous to the passage of the above recited act; if not occupied by the Cherokee people shall be reserved for the public and free lise of the United States and the Cherokee Indians for the purpose of settling and closing all the Indian business arising under this treaty between the commissioners of claims and the Indians.
The United States, and the several States interested in the Cherokee lands; shall immediately proceed to survey the lands ceded by this treaty; but it is expressly agreed and understood between the parties that the agency buildings and that tract of land surveyed and laid off for the use of Colonel R. J. Meigs Indian agent or heretofore enjoyed and occupied by his successors in office shall continue subject to the use and occupancy of the United States, or such agent as may be engaged specially superintending the removal of the tribe.
Article 17. All the claims arising under or provided for in Commissionere the several articles of this treaty, shall be examined and adjudi- sekue all claims. cated by Gen Wm Carroll and John F. Schermerhorn or by such commissioners as shall be appointed by the President of the United States for that purpose and their decision shall be final and on their certificate of the amount due the several claimants they shall be paid by the United States. All stipulations in for
to make advances
1836. mer treaties which have not been superseded or annulled by this
- shall continue in full force and virtue. The United States ARTICLE 18. Whereas in consequence of the unsettled affairs for provisions of the Cherokee people and the early frosts, their crops are insufClothing, &c.
ficient to support their families and great distress is likely to ensue and whereas the nation will not, until after their removal be able advantageously to expend the income of the permanent funds of the nation it is therefore agreed that the annuities of the nation which may accrue under this treaty for two years, the time fixed for their removal shall be expended in provision and clothing for the benefit of the poorer class of the nation ; and the United States hereby agree to advance the same for that purpose purpose as soon after the ratification of this treaty as an appropriation for the same shall be made It is however not intended in this article to interfere with that part of the annuities due the Cherokees west by the treaty of 1819.
ARTICLE 19. This treaty after the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States shall be obligatory on the contracting parties.
In testimony whereof the commissioners and the chiefs head men and people whose names are hereunto annexed being duly authorized by the people in general council assembled have affixed their hands and seals for themselves and in behalf of the Cherokee nation.
I have examined the foregoing treaty and although not present when it was made, I approve its provisions generally, and there· fore sign it.
Jesse Half-breed, his x mark,