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7. The arguments, for absolute and universal materialism, drawn (or, rather, pretendedly drawn) from rational and philosophic sources, appear, to me, prodigiously forced, lame, and inconclusive. And, if we take Scripture into the account, not all subtilty nor all the violence of criticism will ever be able to establish your system on that ground. What wretched work do you yourself make, with those few texts, which you ven. ture to quote and strive to obviate, wherein plena & prima facie, man is spoken of, as a being compounded of matter and spirit ! Can

you bear this plain dealing ? If you can, give me your hand. And I most heartily wish, that all, who differ from you, and especially that all who may commence your public antagonists, may treat you, as I ever desire to do, with the respect due to your virtues and your talents.

How is your health. Beware of too close application, and of too intense exertions of mind. I, for my own part, can most heartily subscribe to these remarks of the apocryphal writer: "The thoughts of mortal men are miserable, and our devices are but uncertain. For the corruptible body presseth down the soul, ad the earthly tabernacle weigheth down the mind that museth on many things. Hardly do we guess aright, at things that are upon earth; and with labour do we find the things that are before us: but the things which are in heaven, who hath searched out ? and the counsel who hath known, except thou give wisdom, and send the Holy Spirit from above ?” - May that Holy Spirit, shining on his written word, and shining into our hearts, be a light to the paths of the much-esteemed friend, to whom I am writing ; and the paths of his obliged and most obedient servant,

Augustus Toplady.

ERRATA.30 page, 14th line, for at, read respecting.—8th page, 12th

line, Comission,] 'We must not be silent14th page, 7th line, Virgin Mary, read the Savionr.21st page, 4th line, tor jurisdiction read justification.24th page, 6th line from the bottom, for secretary, read secrecy.

(13

THE

CATHOLICK QUESTION

AT BOSTON ;

OR

AN ATTEMPT TO PROVE THAT A CALVINIST IS A CHRISTIAN, (ACCORDING TO THE PROPER SIGNIFICATION

OF THOSE NAMES.)

CONTAINING ALSO

More Remarks on “ American Unitarianism,”

AND

A REPLY TO A LAYMAN'S ENQUIRY,

** ARE YOU A CHRISTIAN OR A CALVINISTI"

BY AMANA.

TO WHICH IS ADDED,
THREE LETTERS ON MR. TOMPKINS' “ CALM ENQUIRY."

BY TAS
REV. JAMES HERVEY.

Some truths are said to be catholick, because they are received by all the faithful. Johnson.

Neither is it strange that there should be mysteries in divinity as well as in the commonest operations in nature. Swift.

Non recipit mendacium Veritas ; nec patitur Religio impietatem.

BOSTON:
PUBLISHED BY R. P. & C. WILLIAMS,

NO. 8, STATE-STREET,

KURUE, F28ANCIS : PARKER, PRINTERI,

FO. 4, CORNHILL,

PREFACE.

HOWEVER the intolerant among the Calvinists' may consider of a “ Layman,for interfering with those mysterious subjects, Amana assures him, that he has no wish to prove him an unregenerate reprobate,' and if he does not prove himself one, he has no idea, that any one will wish to consign him to perdition, for being interested in the present controversy. For my own part, I am always glad when laymen are interested on religious subjects. If it be asked, why

« Amana" attempts a reply to a “ Layman" ? I answer, for fear no one else should, and being persuaded that many things hinted at by him, are well worthy of discussion. Besides, if the clergy give up,* (as Mr. Channing intimates he shall) how are the subjects to be debated ? and they must not be left so unfinished as they are acknowl.

* Mr. Channing used his liberty in beginning to write on those subjects, and he has, undoubtedly, the same liberty to decline ; but he must not expect, nor he qught not to suppose, that his two letters have set the matter at rest forever. As he stripped himself for the battle, he ought not so soon to have left the field. He says he has less to fear than many of his brethren, there is no danger of his family being distressed, and not much that his congregation will think the less of him. No one can be better situated for a bold opposition to Orthodosy, than the author of the indignant reply to the Panoplist Review

I was glad when such a man had undertaken it, and thought to myself, that if Orthodoxy was again triumphant, in the present situation of things, it would very much confirm me in the truth of it.

ers.

edged to be on all hands. Dr. Worcester thinks that he has already answered a “Layman” in his second letter to Mr. Channing. This is what some would call “ killing two birds with one stone," and which appears to be a very convenient method when there are many to be slain. What I wish, in particular, is to place the dif. ferent subjects, introduced by a “ Layman,” in a clear light, unconnected with any party feeling, which feeling is very manifest throughout his pamphlet. “ Amana" disclaims all party interest, and if his opinions lean to one and not to the other, he expresses them not with a wish to build up one sect in preference to another, but because he cannot act under any disguise. Having been baptized and educated in orthodoxy, I have not, as yet, seen any good reason to dissent from the Catholick Church in point of doctrine. " Amana" earnestly wishes, that some points could be laid down, in which the great body of christians could unite ; supposing, for instance, “ The Lord's Prayer,'' Apostles' Creed,' and the • Ten Commandments.'

And if some liberal system of church government was established, to regulate the temporal affairs of the church, we should not hear of so many denominations among christians, which has proved so perplexing and injurious to the common people.

There can be no doubt, but great benefit must arise from a liberal, well ordered established church, and it would deliver the people from many inconveniences,

This is the second layman, in this town, who has undertaken to vindicate heterodox principles, but the second is greater than the first. Indeed, i: is evident that

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