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concerning the valuable papers which we recently submitted to the public concerning the Gaelic language; as well as of some of less recent date, touching the language and literature of the Anglo-Saxons.
It is in this manner that by patient research, and united labours, errors are gradually removed, correct information is obtained, and the sparks of truth flash forth from the obscurity in which they have been long involved by time.
LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS TO THE VOLUME.
Those marked thus * are Vignettes printed with the letter-press.
Page *View of the Kingsborough Elm, Isle of Sheppey
28 View of Hever Castle, Kent .....
29 View of the Hotel de Sens, Paris ....
145 View of Hurley Church, Berkshire.
. 257 * Representations of the Badge of Anthony Bastard of Burgundy, at the castle of Tournehem, in Artois ....
248 *Representation of a Barbican, from a MS. in the Royal Collection, Brit. Mus... ib. View of Winchester House, Broad Street, London
..372 *View of the Old Chelsea Bunhouse
. 466 Plan of the Roman Amphitheatre at Dorchester, co. Dorset.... View of the Altar Screen in Aylsham Church, Norfolk
. 579 *View of an Ancient Timber House, at Lincoln ..
. 580 *Representations of ancient Ogham Stones in the South of Ireland ......614–617
BY SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.
Portrait of Jane Shore-Invention of Gunpowder-Tolling the Knell, &c. &c.
ON DIALECTS AND INTERMIXTURE OF LANGUAGES—The Cimbri distin-
guished from the Celts-Non-affinity of the Gaëlic and Semitic-The Bas
Embellished with Views of HEVER CASTLE, Kent, and of the KingSBOROUGH
Elm, Isle of Sheppey.
In the “ Memoirs of C. A. Stothard," minster Abbey, but without the towers, 8vo. 1823, p. 335, is the following passage, This portrait is subsequently copied as a “ The camail, and what was called by the wood-cut in • The Graphic and Historical French a hourson, to which may be added Illustrator,' but the view of the tower and a strap, was to attach the whole [i. e. ba- spire of Old St. Paul's inserted, instead cinet and appendages] by means of a of the towers of Westminster Abbey. So buckle to the haubergeon or plates." much for humbugging the public with F. M. would feel obliged to any one who fictitious portraits ! This reminds me of could point out to him the authority for an anecdote related by my father, who this term hourson. The Glossarists have was present with Burke and Windham at been consulted in vain.
Sir Joshua Reynolds's, when a beautiful W. S. E. sends the following notices of female portrait by Michael Angelo (or the Wakehurst family, who at an early rather a copy) was exhibited. The parties period had considerable possessions in were puzzled to give a name to the ladySussex, and whose residence was Wake. when Burke recommended Zenobia. This hurst Place, a structure in the Eliza. picture was afterwards engraved, and bethan style, at Ardingly, in that county; stuck up in one of the shops in London, and if any of our correspondents can sup
with a recommendation of • Zenobia ply further information, he will be much Soap'!" obliged William de Wakehurst, living Mr. W., S. LANDOR, in his “ Pericles 1285-1295, had issue John, who had issue and Aspasia," has the following pote: John, who had issue Richard, who had “ The use of gunpowder, for instance, if issue another Richard. Notices of John not of guns, was known to the priests in are to be found under 1319, 1332, 1415 ; countries the most distant, and of the and of Richard from 1415 to 1450. Sir most different religions. The army of Richard Wakehurst was knighted at the the Macedonians was smitten by its light. siege of Carlaverock. The latter Richard nings under the walls of the Oxydracians, had two sisters, Margaret, married to Ed. the army of the Gauls under the walls of ward Sackville, who died 1459, leaving Delphi !" We do not know how this as. issue Humphrey, his son and heir, under sertion would be supported : long after guardianship of Richard Wakehurst & al.; the events mentioned, we know that what and Ann, who died in 1460, having mar- was called the Greek fire, Le feu gre. ried J. Gainsford. Richard de Wake gois,' was used; but this being inferior in hurst died Jan. 7, 1457, and was buried power to gunpowder, was the art of at Ardingly, having married Elizabeth, making the latter lost, and recovered af. daughter of Robert Eckingham, esq ; she
terwards in modern times ? died 19 July 1464, buried at Ardingly, C. inquires, “ from whence arose the having had issue Margaret, who married custom of tolling the knell on the death Richard Culpeper, and died 25 July 1509, of a person? Did not the Roman Ca$. p. (Ardingly Reg.); and Elizabeth, the tholic Church institute the practice for wife of Nicholas Culpeper, who died in the purpose of protecting and driving the 1510, leaving her surviving, and had issue spirits from the soul of the deceased in Richard, living in 1534. There was also its ærial progress? If so, does our Church, an Alicia Wakehurst, married to Adam I mean the Protestant, recognise the reWalleys, and living in 1373.
mains of a Popish superstition, or does it I. A. R. remarks: “ In perusing Mr. substitute any other reasons for admitting Bell's Huntingdon Peerage, 4to. 1821,
the ceremony?" find a beautiful engraving of a portrait of
Toll the bell, a solemn toll, Jane Shore, from a drawing by Leth
Slow and solemn let it be, bridge, after an original picture in the Cry, for the departing soul, possession of the noble family of Hast
“ MISERERE, Domine!" ings, painted in 1484.' Perhaps some of We beg to acknowledge the receipt of your Correspondents, or rather the owner Dr. WALKER's memoir on the Druidical of the picture, can give us some account remains in Yorkshire, and hope to have of it. The authenticity of the picture room for its insertion in the next number. must be doubtful from the introduction P. 612, b, l. 2, for Venta Silcorum, of the two towers of Westminster Abbey, read Silurum. as they were built by Sir C. Wren, and of P. 656 The marriage of George Cas. course did not exist in the year 1484. wal Newman, esq. is a fiction. There is In the Memoires et Observations en An- no such person as the party to whom he is gleterre, 1698,' there is a print of West. stated to be married.
THE LIFE OF WILLIAM WILBERFORCE.
By his Sons, R. J. Wilberforce, M.A. and S. Wilberforce, M.A. 5 vols.
IF the effect which the perusal of these volumes leaves npon the mind of the reader is not so impressive or agreeable as might have been expected from the very interesting character which they atteinpt to pourtray, it will be found, we think, to arise, partly from the nature of the materials of which it is composed, and partly from the undue length to which it is extended. Mr. Wilberforce left behind him a Diary, in which the daily occurrences of his life were noted down. This extended from 1783 to 1835; also a Journal, begun in 1785 and ending in 1818, devoted exclusively to religious reflections, and principally the work of Sundays. Besides these, there exist also MS. or conversational memoranda, dictated late in life by Mr. Wilberforce, of which only soine small and detached parts are as yet made public by his biographers. From these sources the chief materials of his Life arc drawn and delivered in his own words, and the “callida junctura " is supplied by the narration of his sons. The stream of biography, it must be confessed, is thus impeded and broken in its course, and the component parts do not pleasantly assimilate. Secondly, we consider the whole work to be too long by two volumes, at the least “ Pagina turgescit:”—but the increase of bulk is derived, first, from the insertion of many letters casually written, without talent or effort, and affording no amusement, and throwing little additional light upon the subjects under discussion; and secondly, by the publication of much of Mr. Wilberforce's private derotional exercises, his closet prayers, lis pious ejacu. lations ;—the rebukes of a tender and distrusting conscience, or the warm spontaneous effusions of a grateful and overflowing heart. though with feelings of respect to the filial duty which has laid them open to public gaze, that we think these communings of the spirit, to be a thing too sacred to be submitted to general inspection, or that at least a much more sparing and partial selection of thein might have served to satisfy, if such was the object in view, the reader of the high devotional feeling which was the guiding spirit of their parent's life. However, we have no wish to pause upon the defects, if such they are, of the work, and our only reason for mentioning them, is with the hope of seeing a future edition of the biography presenting us the life of this most interesting person, in such a forin as will give us the full and perfect portrait, without any unnecessary or unbecoming details; and thus increase our standard stock of biography with the history of one whom nature and divine grace bad alike gifted, who possessed an union of rich and rare qualities such as are seldom seen in the same individual, and to whom, more than to any other person of the present age, society is indebted for the inculcation of those principles upon which alone it can safely rest, the tendency of which is to harmonise the business of this life with the interests of the next, and to teach mento pass through things temporal, so as finally to lose uot the things eternal."
We must say,