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DR. ADAM CLARKE'S
THE NEW TESTAMENT.
THE GOSPELS OF MATTHEW, MARK, LUKE, AND JOHN.
OUR LORD AND SAVIOUR JESUS CHRIST;
No. 19, WHITE-FRIARS STREET, DUBLIN. ,
PREFACE TO THE GOSPEL
THE general title of this latter collection of Sacred Books, which, as well as the former, all Christians acknowledge to have been given by immediate inspiration from God, is in the Greek H KAINH AIAOHKH, which we translate THE NEW TESTAMENT: but which should rather be translated THE NEW COVENANT; or, if it were lawful to use a periphrasis, The New Coves nant, including a Testamentary Declaration and Bequest : for this is precisely the meaning of this system of justice, holiness, goodness, and truth. St. Paul, 2 Cor. iii. 14. calls the Sacred Books before the time of Christ, H NAAAIA AIAOHKH, THE OLD COVENANT; which is a very proper, and descriptive title of the grand subject of those Books. This Apostle evidently considers the Old Testaments and the New, as two Covenants, Gal. iv. 24. and in comparing these two together, he calls one parziav diaOnunv, the old covenant, the other naivno, the new; one apetur, the first, the other veæv, that which is recent; in opposition to the old covenant, which was to terminate in the new, he calls this xpeittova, better, more excellent, Heb. vii. 22. viii. 6. and QIWtIov, everlasting, Heb. xiii. 20. because it is never to be changed, nor terminate in any other; and to endure endlessly itself. The word Covenant, from con together, and venio, I come; sig. nifies a contract or agreement made between two parties; to fulfil the conditions of which, they are mutually bound. The Old Covenant, in its essential parts, was very simple. I WILL BE YOUR GOD. Ye SHALL BE MY PEOPLE—the spirit of which was never changed. The people were to take Jehovah as the sole object of their religious worship, put their whole trust and confidence in Him; serve Him in his own way, according to the prescribed forms which he should lay before them. This was their part. On His side, God was to accept them as his people, give them his spirit to guide them, his mercy to pardon them, his providence to support them, and his grace to preserve them unto eternal life. But all this was connected with the strict observance of a great variety of rites and ceremonies, at once expressive of the holiness of God, the purity of the Divine Justice, and the exceeding sinfulness and utter helpless state of man, A great part of the four latter Books of Moses, is employed in prescribing and illus